Not every ache or injury requires a doctor’s care.
Some can be treated at home using hot or cold compresses – two inexpensive and highly effective do-it-yourself treatments. In this discussion, Dr. Adam Culver, a sports and family medicine doctor with Novant Health Waxhaw Family & Sports Medicine, helps us sort out what to use when.
What kinds of injuries/pain require heat, and when and how do you apply it for best effect?
What kinds of injuries/pain require cold, and when and how do you apply it for best effect?
Ice or cold therapy is more often associated with new or acute injuries. Ice should be applied to the affected area as soon as possible to get the most benefit.
Get the care you need to keep up with your active lifestyle.
Cold therapy is good for inflammation. It, too, can be used for arthritis, tendonitis, muscle strains and other painful conditions. Same rules apply – up to four times a day for 15 to 20 minutes at a time or as long as you can stand it.
You should have a barrier – a towel or something similar – between the source of ice and your skin; there’s the possibility of nerve damage if there’s no barrier and you use ice for too long. Ice packs are ideal, but bags of frozen vegetables will do in a pinch. Ice packs are preferable because they stay cold longer.
I’ve had athletes as patients who fill a Styrofoam cup with water, freeze it and use that. You can peel off a part of the Styrofoam and then use the cup like a roll-on.
No matter if you’re using heat or cold, you should see benefit, even if it’s short-lived, after each session. If you don’t, you should consult a healthcare provider.
How would someone know when their injury or pain is beyond the help of an icepack or heating pad? When do they need to get to a doctor?
Anything else you’d like to add?