Why is hip health so important?
If you suffer a hip fracture or other hip pain, it affects your ability to move — walking, standing, bending, twisting, sleeping — which can significantly impact your overall quality of life. That's why it's critical to maintain proper hip health through exercise, diet and good posture. You also need to know when to see a hip specialist at the earliest signs of hip problems.
What causes hip pain?
Hip problems can be triggered by various factors that produce discomfort and limit mobility. Pain on the hip or outside your upper thigh is often associated with damage to the ligaments, muscles and soft tissue surrounding the joint. If you feel pain on the inside of the joint or on the buttocks, you may have a condition affecting the hip joint itself. You might also experience pain in your hip or groin caused by pelvic floor issues, a hernia or another injury to the muscles in your abdomen.
Common conditions contributing to hip pain include:
- Osteoarthritis: inflammation or deterioration of the cartilage in your hip
- Bursitis: inflammation of the sacs that separate muscles and tendons from direct contact with bones; this usually occurs on the outside of the hip
- Tendonitis: a common condition associated with overuse or repetitive motion
- Fracture: often caused by a fall, hip fracture symptoms include severe pain in the hip, bruising or swelling, difficulty putting weight on the injured side of your body and the inability to walk or stand
- Labral Tear: a chronic condition that destabilizes the hip and sometimes causes a clicking or locking sensation
What are my treatment options?
Treatment for hip pain varies depending on your specific condition and its root cause. If you have a broken hip, it will require surgical repair followed by physical therapy. The procedure may include installing plates and screws to stabilize your hip or a partial or total joint replacement. Hip replacement surgery may also be recommended to treat osteoarthritis if rest, anti-inflammatory medicines and steroid injections aren't giving you relief.
Not all hip problems require surgical interventions. You may be able to alleviate symptoms through self-care steps, including getting rest, applying ice and taking anti-inflammatory medications. If your hip pain is triggered by an injury or another condition, your physician will treat that condition and may recommend medications or therapy to ease the pain.
You Don't Have to Live with Hip Pain.
Hip replacement surgery is an inpatient procedure that involves replacing all or part of your hip. It's a standard technique, with more than 450,000 total hip replacements performed each year. An orthopedic surgeon specializing in partial and complete hip joint replacement performs the procedure using general anesthesia or a nerve block. In most cases, the surgeon makes an incision on the side of the hip and removes the damaged parts of the natural joint. Artificial components made of metal, plastic and ceramic are attached to the bone.
While different techniques are used, hip specialists frequently use robot-assisted tools for better control and more accurate positioning of the prosthetic parts. The robotic arm used in your surgery is controlled by your surgeon. Using a high-definition computer, your surgeon can see a 3D view of the surgical area and move the mechanical arm as they would their own for precision and steadiness.
Using this minimally invasive technique, your orthopedic specialist makes small incisions to treat the affected area.
Rehabilitation therapy begins immediately after your hip replacement surgery and can run from several days to a few months. Your incision will heal within roughly six weeks, enabling you to resume some of your regular activities.