Rowan Medical Center

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    A Woman's Journey : Childbearing Years : Sexual Health & Infertility : Women's health : Infertility


    Infertility Risk Factors for Men and Women

    For women. General factors that can affect the ability to ovulate, conceive, or deliver a child successfully include the following:

    • Age. Women in their late 30s and older are generally less fertile than women in their early 20s

    • Endometriosis

    • Chronic diseases (diabetes, lupus, arthritis, hypertension, or asthma)

    • Hormonal imbalance

    • Environmental factors. Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, or exposure to workplace hazards or toxins

    • Excessive or very low body fat

    • Abnormal Pap smears that have been treated with cryosurgery or cone biopsy

    • DES taken by mother during pregnancy

    • Sexually transmitted diseases

    • Fallopian tube disease

    • Multiple miscarriages

    • Fibroids

    • Pelvic surgery

    • Abnormalities in the uterus that are present at birth or happen later in life

    For men. Infertility is not just a woman's problem. Following is a list of risk factors related to male infertility:

    • History of prostatitis, genital infection, or sexually transmitted diseases

    • Exposure to hazards on the job or toxic substances, such as radiation, radioactivity, welding, and many chemicals, including lead, ethylene dibromine, and vinyl chloride.

    • Cigarette or marijuana smoke

    • Heavy alcohol consumption

    • Exposure of the genitals to high temperatures

    • Hernia repair

    • Undescended testicles

    • Prescription drugs (opioid-like drugs that affect the central nervous system, including many psychotropic drugs)  

    • Mumps after puberty