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  • After Surgery: Discomforts and Complications

    Detailed information on postoperative discomforts and potential complications, including shock, hemorrhage, wound infection, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary complications, urinary retention, and reaction to anesthesia

  • Amputation

    Detailed information on amputation, including causes and types of rehabilitation programs for amputations

  • Anatomy and Function of the Heart Valves

    Heart valves prevent the backward flow of blood. They act as one-way inlets of blood on one side of a ventricle and one-way outlets of blood on the other side of a ventricle.

  • Aortic Stenosis

    Aortic stenosis affects the amount of blood that can flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. Symptoms vary with the degree of blockage.

  • Arthroscopy

    Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.

  • Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

    An atrial septal defect is an opening in the dividing wall between the two upper chambers of the heart known as the right and left atria.

  • Atrioventricular Canal (AV Canal or AVC)

    AV canal is a complex heart problem that involves several abnormalities of structures inside the heart.

  • Baldness (Alopecia)

    Baldness is usually most noticeable on the scalp, but can occur anywhere on the body where hair grows. The condition is more common in men than in women.

  • Breast Augmentation

    Breast augmentation is a procedure to reshape the breast in order to make it larger. The procedure can also be performed to reconstruct the breast after breast surgery.

  • Breast Reconstruction

    Breast reconstruction surgery involves creating a breast mound that comes as close as possible to the form and appearance of the natural breast.

  • Cancer Treatment: Overview

    Detailed information on the most common types of cancer treatment, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

  • Cardiac Diagnostic Tests

    Here's a look at just a few of the tests that have been used or are being used to understand and identify cardiovascular disease.

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Women develop carpal tunnel syndrome three times more frequently than men. It usually occurs only in adults.

  • Cataracts and Cataract Surgery

    A cataract is a clouding or opaque area over the lens of the eye—an area that's normally transparent. As less light reaches the retina, it becomes increasingly harder to see and vision may become dull and blurry.

  • Cataracts in Children

    Detailed information on cataracts, including causes, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Checklist for Surgery/Consent Forms/Insurance Information

    The decision to have surgery is an important one. Here is a checklist to help you prepare. You'll need to arrange a time for any preoperative lab tests and for an interview with the anesthesiologist. Check with your health plan regarding costs and coverage of the surgery.

  • Coarctation of the Aorta

    Coarctation of the aorta refers to a narrowing of the aorta that restricts the amount of oxygen-rich blood that can travel to the lower part of the body.

  • Common Dermatological Procedures

    Detailed information on common dermatological procedures, including acne scar removal, chemical peels, dermabrasion, dermaplaning, and laser skin surgery

  • Common Surgical Procedures

    Detailed information on the most common surgical procedures, including appendectomy, breast biopsy, carotid endarterectomy, cataract surgery, cesarean section, cholecystectomy, coronary artery bypass surgery, debridement of wound, dilation and curettage,

  • Correcting or Improving Vision Problems

    Detailed information on correcting or improving vision problems

  • Corrective Eye Surgery for Refractive Errors

    Detailed information on the most common types of corrective eye surgery for refractive errors, including lasik surgery, photorefractive keratectomy surgery, radial keratotomy surgery, astigmatic keratotomy surgery, and automated lamellar keratoplasty surg

  • Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Overview

    Cosmetic plastic surgery is performed in order to change one's appearance. For some, it may mean redesigning the body's contour and shape or the elimination of wrinkles. Others may choose varicose vein treatment or breast augmentation.

  • Deviated Septum

    Detailed information on deviated septum and septoplasty, a reconstructive plastic surgery performed to correct an improperly formed nasal septum

  • Deviated Septum in Children

    Detailed information on deviated septum, including possible complications of nasal surgery

  • Discharge Planning

    Detailed information on discharge planning after surgery

  • Ear Pinning

    Detailed information on ear pinning surgery, including who might be a candidate for the procedure and possible complications of the procedure

  • Eyelid Lift

    This procedure can remove puffiness or bags under the eyes, and can also correct droopy eyelids.

  • Gastric Sleeve Surgery

    Gastric sleeve surgery is a form of bariatric, or weight-loss, surgery. Your doctor may recommend this procedure if you have severe health problems related to obesity.

  • Gastric Stapling (Restrictive) Surgery

    Gastric stapling surgery is a type of weight loss surgery that limits the amount of food a person can eat.

  • General Information About Cancer: Overview

    Detailed information on cancer, including cancer diagnosis, cancer staging, cancer grading, cancer treatment, cancer surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

  • Hair Loss

    Hair loss is believed to be primarily caused by a combination of factors, including aging, changing hormones, illness, and family history.

  • Hair Replacement Surgery

    Detailed information on hair loss and hair replacement surgery

  • Hand Surgery

    Detailed information on hand surgery for different hand conditions

  • Heart Valve Diseases

    Heart valves can malfunction on one of two ways: They can fail to close completely, allowing blood to flow backward, or they can become damaged, limiting blood flow.

  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a combination of several abnormalities of the heart and great blood vessels.

  • Intraoperative Care

    Detailed information on intraoperative management

  • Joint Replacement Surgery

    Joint replacement is a surgical procedure to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis.

  • Knee Replacement Surgery

    When a knee is severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered.

  • Laser Surgery for Skin Conditions

    Detailed information on laser surgery for skin conditions

  • Liposuction

    Liposuction removes excess body fat through a suctioning process. It is not a substitute for weight loss, but it does change the body's shape and contour.

  • Management After Surgery

    Detailed information on recovering from hand surgery

  • Marfan Syndrome

    Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder involving the body's connective tissue, including the heart, lungs, and spinal cord.

  • Methods of Surgery

    Minimally invasive surgery is a relatively new approach that allows the patient to recuperate faster with less pain. Not all conditions are suitable for this type of surgery.

  • Nasal Surgery

    Nasal surgery includes any surgery performed on the outside or inside of the nose. It is a common type of reconstructive and cosmetic surgery.

  • Neurological Surgery

    Neurological surgery is used to treat disorders of the brain, spine, and nerves. The doctor who specializes in neurological surgery is called a neurosurgeon or neurological surgeon.

  • Nose Reshaping

    This procedure can reduce or increase the size of the nose, narrow the span of the nostrils, change the angle between the nose and upper lip, and/or change the tip or bridge of the nose.

  • Online Resources - Plastic Surgery

    List of online resources to find additional information on plastic surgery

  • Online Resources - Surgical Care

    List of online resources to find additional information on surgery

  • Oral Health / Dental Specialists

    Detailed information on different oral healthcare specialists, including a doctor of dental surgery, doctor of dental medicine, pediatric dentist, endodontist, oral and maxillofacial surgeon, orthodontist, periodontist, and prosthodontist

  • Other Techniques of Surgery

    Detailed information on other techniques of surgery, including laser surgery and electrosurgery

  • Outpatient Surgery

    Detailed information on outpatient surgery

  • Overview of Hand Surgery

    Many different types of surgeries can be performed on the hand, depending on the underlying cause of the problem.

  • Overview of Plastic Surgery

    Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involved with the reconstruction of facial and body tissue defects caused by illness, trauma, or birth disorders.

  • Pain Management

    It's normal to expect a certain amount of pain after surgery, but if the pain does not subside with pain medication, you may have a more serious problem. Your doctors and nurses will ask about your pain because they want you to be comfortable.

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Parkinson's disease is the most common form of parkinsonism, a group of motor system disorders. PD is slowly progressing and degenerative.

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)

    PDA is a heart problem in which the connection between the aorta and pulmonary artery remains open after birth, instead of closing as it should.

  • Plastic Surgery Statistics

    Statistical information relating to plastic surgery, including cosmetic plastic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery

  • Plastic Surgery Techniques

    Two common techniques are endoscopic surgery, performed with a tubular probe, and flap surgery, in which healthy tissue is moved from one part of the body to another.

  • Postoperative Management

    Detailed information on postoperative management

  • Preoperative Management

    Detailed information on preoperative management

  • Preparing for Surgery

    How should you prepare for surgery? That depends on the type of surgery and type of anesthesia that will be used.

  • Prostate Cancer

    In the past 30 years, the five-year survival rate for all stages of prostate cancer combined has increased from 73 percent to nearly 100 percent.

  • Purpose of Having Surgery

    Surgery may be recommended for a variety of reasons—among them, to help with a diagnosis, to take a biopsy of a suspicious lump, to remove diseased tissues or organs, or to remove an obstruction.

  • Questions to Ask Before Surgery

    It's important to communicate your feelings, questions, and concerns with your doctor before having surgery. Take notes, or ask a family member or friend to accompany you and take notes for you. You can also bring a tape recorder, so you can review information later.

  • Radiosurgery

    Radiosurgery uses focused beams of radiation to treat cancerous tissues without a surgical incision or opening. The treatment is called "surgery" because creates a result similar to an actual surgical procedure.

  • Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Overview

    The goal of reconstructive plastic surgery is to improve body function, but the surgery may also be performed to create a more normal appearance and improve self-esteem.

  • Recovering From Surgery/Intensive Care

    Detailed information on recovering from surgery and intensive care

  • Scar Revision

    Scar revision may improve the appearance of a scar or restore function to a part of the body that may have been restricted by the scar.

  • Scars

    Detailed information on the different types of scars, including keloid scars, hypertrophic scars, contractures, and adhesions

  • Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

    Your bile and pancreative juices flow through a duct that is opened and closed by a valve called the sphincter of oddie. If this valve goes into spasm, you end up with severe belly pain.

  • Surgery

    Detailed information the most common types of surgery to treat cancer, including biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, and excisional surgery

  • Surgery for Breast Cancer Treatment

    Surgery to remove as much of the cancer as possible is the primary treatment for breast cancer. Today, women have many surgical options and choices.

  • Surgery for Prostate Cancer

    Long-term, serious side effects of prostate surgery are somewhat less common now than in the past, as new surgical methods continue to be introduced.

  • Surgery Overview

    Detailed information on surgery, the different types of surgery, the surgical setting, and the purpose of surgery

  • Surgery Statistics

    Statistics relating to surgery

  • Surgical Treatment for Obesity

    Detailed information on obesity surgical treatment, including gastric bypass surgery, and gastric stapling surgery

  • Tests Performed Before Surgery

    Many surgeons order routine laboratory tests before admission to the hospital, or even before certain outpatient procedures, to identify potential problems that might complicate surgery if not detected and treated early.

  • The Day of Surgery/Getting Ready For Surgery/The Operating Room

    Detailed information on the day of surgery and what to expect in the operating room

  • The Surgical Setting

    Detailed information on the surgical setting and the options that may be available to the patient, including outpatient surgery, inpatient surgery, ambulatory surgery, and specialty surgery centers

  • The Surgical Team

    The surgical team is made up of a surgeon, an anesthesiologist, a certified registered nurse anesthetist, and an operating room nurse.

  • Treatment of Obesity

    Detailed information on obesity treatment, including obesity medical treatment, obesity surgical treatment, obesity gastric bypass (malabsorptive) surgery, and obesity gastric stapling (restrictive) surgery

  • Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview

    The conventional, primary methods of treating cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy/biological therapy. Your doctor will determine which treatment or treatments are best for you.

  • Treatments for Bone Disorders

    Detailed information on the most common treatments used for bone disorders, including radiation therapy, surgery, amputation, bone graft, osteotomy, and arthroplasty (total joint replacement)

  • Treatments for Breast Cancer

    Detailed information on breast cancer treatment, including surgery, breast reconstruction, lymphedema, breast prosthesis, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, Tamoxifen, and Taxol

  • Treatments for Prostate Cancer

    Detailed information on the most common treatment for prostate cancer

  • Types of Skin Conditions

    Detailed information on the most common types of skin conditions, including laser surgery for skin conditions

  • Types of Surgery

    Detailed information on the different types of surgery, including surgical diagnosis, optional surgery, elective surgery, required surgery, urgent surgery, or emergency surgery