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Age-Specific Concerns : Children's Health : Pre-Schoolers and School-Age


    • A Primer for Preschooler Safety

      Your little ones can learn a lot about safety if you take some time to teach them. Here's an ABC that you and your children can recite together.

    • Achalasia in Children
    • Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children

      ADHD is a behavior disorder marked by inattention, impulsivity, and, in some cases, hyperactivity.

    • Autistic Disorder

      A child with autism appears to live in his or her own world, showing little interest in others and a lack of social awareness.

    • Biting

      Young children may bite others out of frustration or stress, or because they feel powerless. Infants and toddlers often bite as a way of exploring their world.

    • Encopresis (Holding Bowel Movements)

      Encopresis can develop from long-term constipation. Once a child becomes constipated, he or she may avoid using the bathroom because of discomfort. Stool can become impacted and unable to move forward.

    • Graves’ Disease in Children

      The most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the U.S. is an autoimmune disorder called Graves’ disease. Children can develop Graves’ disease, although it's less common in kids than adults.

    • Growing Up Short or Heavy Can Be Difficult

      When children believe they are different in some way, they feel bad. Whether because of their height or some other characteristic, they are going to be aware of differences.

    • Hypothyroidism in Children

      Congenital hypothyroidism occurs in about one in 3,500 to 4,000 live births and is about two times more common in girls than boys. Newborn screenings can lead to earlier treatment and reduce the risk for developmental delay.

    • Kyphosis

      Kyphosis is a forward curvature of the spine. It is a type of spinal deformity and should not be confused with poor posture.

    • Learning Disorders

      Learning disorders are sometimes called learning disabilities. Most children with learning disorders have normal intelligence, but they have difficulty with reading, math, or another academic area.

    • Living with Aplastic Anemia
    • Oppositional Defiant Disorder

      Children with ODD may refuse to follow commands or requests made by parents, teachers, or other adults.

    • Preparing Your Child for Sleep-Away Camp

      Before making a decision on a camp, though, you should consider what kind of camping experience will benefit both your child and family.

    • Retainers Keep Teeth from Shifting

      Whether you are a child or an adult, your orthodontist will want you to use a retainer after your braces are removed.

    • School Refusal

      School phobia can be seen in young children going to school for the first time, in older children who fear a bully or mean teacher, and in children who are anxious about leaving their parents.

    • Scoliosis in Children

      Detailed information on scoliosis, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Stuttering

      Stuttering may occur in a child with normal developmental speech problems who is pressured to speak better. The child's struggle to improve speech actually makes the problem worse.

    • Thumb Sucking

      Thumb sucking is normal in infants and young children. It shouldn't cause any permanent problems if your child stops by age 5.

    • Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders

      Autism spectrum disorders, which include autistic disorder, affect children in different ways. Some children have mild symptoms, others have severe limitations.

    • Urinary Incontinence (Enuresis)

      Enuresis is the medical term for bedwetting, or accidental urination in children who should be able to control their bladder. Girls usually have bladder control before boys do. The diagnosis of enuresis is for girls older than 5 and for boys older than 6.

    • Watch that Backpack Load

      When your child acts as if she’s carrying the weight of the world on her shoulders, maybe you should check her backpack.

    • What Is Scalp Ringworm?

      Scalp ringworm isn’t caused by a worm. The infection is the result of a fungus, the same one that leads to athlete’s foot.