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The Healthy Child : Children's Health : Vision Care


    • Age-Appropriate Vision Milestones

      An infant's eyes are sometimes uncoordinated and may look cross-eyed. Within 2 months, the child can follow faces and objects and look at his or her hands.

    • Anatomy of the Eye

      The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

    • Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers

      Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe harmful reactions.

    • Eye Care Specialists

      An ophthalmologist is either a medical doctor (M.D.) or an osteopathic physician (D.O.). An optometrist is a doctor of optometry (O.D.) but is not a medical doctor. An optician is a technician who fits eyeglasses.

    • Eye Care/Avoiding Eye Injuries

      Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

    • Eye Exams and Visual Screening

      At 6 months of age, an infant should have a vision screening during a well-baby visit. In particular, the healthcare provider should check how well the eyes work together.

    • Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

      A child who needs vision correction may wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. Either choice comes in a range of choices.

    • First-Aid for the Eyes

      A child with a foreign object in the eye should not rub the eye. An eye wash may be able to flush the object out of the eye. If that doesn't work, seek medical attention immediately.

    • Glasses Can Help Even Young Children

      Healthcare providers who specialize in children's eye care say children usually become near- or farsighted between ages 6 and 12. But even infants can wear glasses if they need help to see well.

    • Keep an Eye on Your Child's Vision

      It's best to catch vision problems while a child is very young. Later, problems are harder to correct.

    • Normal Vision

      Light enters the eye through the cornea and passes through the pupil. It then hits the lens. This focuses the light rays on the retina. The optic nerve carries the image from the retina to the brain.

    • Problems with Vision

      Eye disorders in children are either refractive or nonrefractive errors. Refractive errors are those caused by the shape of the eye. Nonrefractive errors are caused by disease.

    • Refractive Errors in Children

      The most common refractive errors in children are nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

    • Signs and Symptoms of Potential Eye Problems

      Symptoms of eye problems in children include crossed eyes, redness in the eyes, squinting, and excessive tearing.

    • Strabismus

      Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes. The eyes (one or both) may turn inward, outward, up, or down. This condition is also called wandering eye or crossed eyes.

    • Types of Visual Screening Tests for Infants and Children

      Many types of vision tests can be used to check your child's ability to see. Some of them can be used at any age, and some are used based on your child's age and understanding.