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Diseases & Conditions : The Child Having Surgery


    • Blood Transfusions in Children

      If your child's healthcare provider decides that your child needs blood or blood products, he or she will explain the reasons for the transfusion.

    • Discharge from the Hospital

      Even after minor surgery, some children will remain in the hospital overnight for observation and to receive medicines to help with pain or to prevent infection.

    • Discomforts and Complications After a Child Has Surgery

      Common discomforts after surgery include nausea and vomiting, soreness in the throat, and restlessness or sleeplessness.

    • Glossary - The Child Having Surgery

      Glossary of terms relating to surgery in children

    • Home Page - The Child Having Surgery

      Detailed information on surgery in children

    • Hospital Visit/Preoperative Clinic

      Touring the hospital before surgery can help your child see the sights, sounds, and events he or she will experience the day of surgery. It is a nonthreatening, often reassuring, way to learn about the hospital.

    • Informed Consent

      You will be asked to sign an informed consent form. It states in detail that you understand the risks and benefits of your child's surgery.

    • Intensive Care

      Intensive care is needed for children who have had certain types of major surgery: heart operations, organ transplants, or neurosurgery.

    • Intraoperative Care for Children

      Detailed information on intraoperative management

    • Latex Allergy in Children

      Some children develop an allergy to latex. Symptoms include watery or itchy eyes, wheezing, skin rash, and itching of the skin.

    • Online Resources - The Child Having Surgery

      List of online resources to find additional information on surgery

    • Pain Control After Your Child's Surgery

      If your child has moderate to severe pain, he or she may receive narcotics during and after surgery. If your child is in the ICU after surgery, he or she may receive sedatives along with pain medicines.

    • Play Therapy

      Play therapy is used to help children understand and cope with illness, surgery, hospitalization, treatments, and procedures.

    • Postoperative Care

      Detailed information on postoperative management

    • Preoperative Management for Children

      Detailed information on preoperative management

    • Preoperative Visit with the Surgeon

      This is the time to ask questions: What are the expected results? What are the possible risks and complications? How long will the surgery take?

    • Preparing a Child for Surgery

      Detailed information on preparing the child having surgery

    • Preparing Siblings for Surgery

      When your child goes to the hospital, brothers and sisters may feel afraid, worried, or confused. They are often afraid simply because they do not know what to expect, and they may imagine the worst.

    • Preparing the Infant for Surgery

      It's important to keep your baby's routine the same before the day of surgery. Make sure you, your baby, and your family are well rested.

    • Preparing the Preschooler for Surgery

      One of the major fears preschoolers have is fear of the unknown. Tell your child about the surgery several days before the procedure and perhaps even visit the hospital for a tour.

    • Preparing the School-Aged Child for Surgery

      Have your child explain back to you what is going to happen in the hospital. School-aged children sometimes will listen carefully, but not understand all that was said.

    • Preparing the Teenager for Surgery

      Allow your teen to be part of the decision-making process. Encourage him or her to make a list of questions to ask the healthcare providers.

    • Preparing the Toddler for Surgery

      Read books to your toddler about going to the hospital. Keep any explanations simple and be careful of the words you use.

    • Recovery Room/Post-Anesthesia Care Unit

      Once surgery has been completed, your child will be brought to the recovery room, also called the post-anesthesia care unit.

    • Surgery and the Breastfeeding Infant

      If your baby needs surgery, you may feel helpless. But there’s something you can do to make the experience a little less traumatic: breastfeed. Not only is it comforting for your baby, but nursing will provide the most nutritious and easily digestible food for a healing body.

    • Surgical Overview

      Detailed information on surgery in children

    • The Day of Surgery

      Before coming to the hospital, remove any watches, necklaces, or earrings that your child wears and leave them at home so they are not misplaced.

    • The Hospital Setting

      Many surgeries performed on children are done as an outpatient. With minor surgeries, your child will return to the outpatient surgery center after spending the required time in the recovery room.

    • The Operating Room

      Your child will need to know that people in the operating room will be wearing surgical clothes to help prevent germs from infecting the surgical incision.

    • The Surgical Team for Children

      Most surgical teams include a surgeon, an anesthesiologist, a nurse anesthetist, and an operating room nurse. The number of team members differs depending on the type of surgery performed.

    • Topic Index - The Child Having Surgery

      Detailed information on surgery in children

    • Types of Anesthesia

      During surgery, your child will be given some form of anesthesia—medicine given to relieve pain and sensation.

    • Types of Surgery for Children

      Surgery can be classified as major or minor, depending on the seriousness of the illness, the parts of the body affected, the complexity of the operation, and the expected recovery time.

    • Types of Surgery for Children

      Surgery doesn't always mean large incisions. Minimally invasive surgery is often used today. This uses small cuts, and allows a child to recover faster and with less pain.