- Bone Cancers in Children
Detailed information on bone cancer in children, including Ewing sarcoma and osteogenic sarcoma
- Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions
The outside of a cast can be made of plaster or fiberglass. Cotton and synthetic materials line the inside of the cast to make it soft and to provide padding around bony areas, such as the wrist or elbow.
Detailed information on clubfoot, including causes, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and cast care
- Congenital and Hereditary Orthopedic Disorders
Detailed information on the most common congenital and hereditary disorders in children
- Congenital Limb Defects
Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally when the baby is developing in the uterus.
- Crutch Walking
Hold the top part of the crutch firmly between the chest and the inside of the upper arm. Do not allow the top of the crutch to push up into the armpit. It is possible to damage nerves and blood vessels with constant pressure.
- Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)
Detailed information on developmental dysplasia of the hip, including causes, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and cast care
A dislocation occurs when extreme force is put on a ligament, allowing the ends of two connected bones to separate. Ligaments are flexible bands of fibrous tissue that connect various bones and cartilage.
- Evaluation Procedures for Children
Detailed information on evaluation procedures used to diagnosis orthopaedic disorders in children
- Ewing Sarcoma
Detailed information on Ewing sarcoma, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Femoral Anteversion
Femoral anteversion is an inward twisting of the thigh bone. It is typically detected when a child is 4 to 6 years old.
- Fractures in Children
Fractures occur when more force is applied to the bone than the bone can absorb. Bones are weakest when they are twisted.
- Glossary - Orthopedics
Glossary of terms relating to orthopedics
- Growth-Related Disorders
Detailed information on the most common growth-related disorders in children
- Heat-Related Illnesses (Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, Heat Stroke)
Children and teens are at greater risk for heat-related illnesses for several reasons. They adjust more slowly to changes in air temperature. They also produce more heat with activity and sweat less.
- Home Page - Orthopedics
Detailed information on orthopedic disorders in children
- Inflammatory and Infectious Musculoskeletal Disorders
Detailed information on the most common types of inflammatory and infectious disorders in children
- Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Detailed information on juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, including cause, symptom, diagnosis, and treatment
- Kyphosis in Children
Detailed information on kyphosis, including cause, symptom, diagnosis, and treatment
- Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
This disease is a temporary condition that causes the hip joint to become painful and stiff.
A spine affected by lordosis has a curve in the vertebrae in the lower back area, giving the child a "swayback" appearance.
- Metatarsus Adductus
Metatarsus adductus is a common foot deformity noted at birth that causes the front half of the foot, or forefoot, to turn inward.
- Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular dystrophy causes the muscles in the body to become very weak. The muscles break down and are replaced with fatty deposits over time.
- Nursemaid's Elbow
Nursemaid's elbow occurs when the radius—one of the bones in the forearm—slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint.
- Online Resources - Orthopedics
List of online resources to find additional information on orthopedics
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone.
- Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Children
Osteogenesis imperfecta is also known as brittle-bone disease because it is characterized by bones that break easily without a specific cause.
- Osteomyelitis in Children
Detailed information on osteomyelitis, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Osteosarcoma in Children
Detailed information on osteosarcoma, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Overuse Injuries
Detailed information on overuse injuries in children, including jumper's knee, patellar tendonitis, little leaguers' elbow, little leaguers' shoulder, osteochondritis dissecans, Sever's disease, shin splints, Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease, spondylolisthesis, and spondylolysis
- Scoliosis in Children
Detailed information on scoliosis, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Septic (Infectious) Arthritis
Detailed information on infectious arthritis, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Detailed information on slipped capital femoral epiphysis, including cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Sports Injuries and Children
Detailed information on sports injuries in children, including overuse injuries, sprains, strains, and heat-related illnesses
- Sports Injury Prevention
Detailed information on sports safety, including safety gear and equipment
- Sports Injury Statistics
Detailed information on sports injuries in children
- Sprains and Strains in Children
Strains, sprains, and bruises make up the majority of sports injuries. Treatment for a strain or sprain depends on the child's age and the extent of the injury.
- Tennis Elbow
Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury of the elbow that occurs when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged.
- The Pediatrics Orthopedic Team
Detailed information on each member of the pediatric orthopedic treatment team
- Tibial Torsion
Tibial torsion causes a child's feet to turn inward, or to have what is also known as a "pigeon-toed" appearance.
- Topic Index - Orthopedics
Detailed information on orthopaedic disorders in children