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Diseases & Conditions : Oncology


    • About Cancer

      Detailed information on cancer in children, including causes, diagnosis, treatment, and coping

    • About Clinical Trials: Information from the National Cancer Institute

      Clinical trials are studies, managed by government agencies, educational institutions, private not-for-profit organizations, or commercial businesses. They develop and evaluate the effectiveness of new treatments and therapies for diseases.

    • Alternative Therapy for Cancer

      Alternative therapy is a nonconventional approach to healing. it may be used instead of standard treatment or in combination with standard medicine.

    • Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children

      The goal of a bone marrow transplant is to transfuse healthy bone marrow cells into a child after his or her own unhealthy bone marrow has been eliminated.

    • Brain Tumors in Children

      A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain. The brain is part of the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS also includes the spinal cord.

    • Cancer Overview

      Cancer cells don't function properly, and they can spread to many areas of the body. Tumors are clusters of cells that are capable of growing and dividing uncontrollably; their growth is not regulated.

    • Causes of Cancer

      There is no one single cause for cancer. Scientists believe that it is the interaction of many factors—genetic, environmental, or constitutional characteristics of the individual.

    • Chemotherapy for Children

      Chemotherapy is the use of medicines to treat cancer or kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy has been used for many years. It’s one of the most common treatments for cancer.

    • Chemotherapy for Children: Side Effects

      Detailed information on chemotherapy and managing chemotherapy side effects in children

    • Chemotherapy-Related Hair Loss (Alopecia) in Children

      Hair loss is a common side effect of chemotherapy. It can affect the hair on the head, and also the eyebrows, eyelashes, and facial and pubic hair. Not all chemotherapy causes hair loss. And not all children lose hair in the same way.

    • Chemotherapy-Related Mouth Mucositis in Children

      Chemotherapy is the use of medicines to treat cancer. The medicines can cause an inflammation of the lining of the mouth. The mouth is lined with mucous membranes. When these are inflamed, it’s called mouth mucositis.

    • Coping with a Diagnosis of Cancer in Children

      A cancer diagnosis is shocking and overwhelming. But prognosis of childhood cancer continues to improve, and the chance of being cured continues to increase.

    • Diagnosing Cancer

      Many tests are necessary to determine whether a child has cancer, or if another condition is imitating the symptoms of cancer.

    • Ewing Sarcoma in Children

      Ewing sarcoma is a rare type of cancer. It’s most common in children and teens between the ages 10 and 19. It usually grows in bone, but it can also grow in soft tissue that’s connected to the bone. This may include tendons, ligaments, cartilage, or muscles.

    • Germ Cell Tumors in Children

      Germ cells form as a baby grows in the womb. The cells usually form the eggs (ova) in females and the sperm in males. Germ cell tumors are made up of these underdeveloped cells. The tumors may be cancer (malignant) or not cancer (benign).

    • Glossary - Oncology

      Glossary of terms relating to cancer in children

    • Hepatoblastoma in Children

      Hepatoblastoma is a very rare cancer. It’s a tumor that starts in the liver. The cancer cells are similar to fetal liver cells. It usually affects children less than 3 to 4 years of age.

    • Hodgkin Lymphoma

      Detailed information on Hodgkin's lymphoma, including causes, stages, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Home Page - Oncology

      Detailed information on cancer in children

    • Increasing Calories and Protein

      Children with cancer need protein to help the body repair itself. Adequate calories are needed to heal and to prevent weight loss.

    • Leukemia in Children

      Leukemia is cancer of the blood. It’s the most common form of cancer in childhood. The cancer cells grow in bone marrow and go into the blood.

    • Managing Bone Marrow Suppression in Children

      Nearly all chemotherapy drugs affect the number of blood cells in the body. When the number drops, the risk for anemia, fatigue, infection, and bleeding increases.

    • Neuroblastoma

      Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor. It grows in nerve tissue of babies and young children. The cancer cells grow in young nerve cells of a baby growing in the womb. These cells are called neuroblasts. It’s is the most common cancer in babies under age 1. It’s rare in children older than age 10.

    • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) in Children

      NHL is a type of cancer in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system. It helps to fight diseases and infections. The lymphatic system also helps with balancing fluids in different parts of the body.

    • Nutritional Requirements for a Child With Cancer

      Good nutrition is vital for children being treated for cancer, yet these young patients often have poor appetites.

    • Online Resources - Oncology

      List of online resources to find additional information on cancer in children

    • Osteosarcoma

      Detailed information on osteosarcoma, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Pain Management and Children

      When a child has cancer or another pain-causing disease, one of his or her greatest fears is pain. Every effort should be made to ease the pain during the treatment process.

    • Questions to Ask Your Child's Health Care Provider

      Parents are entitled to a clear explanation about anything related to their child's condition. Here are some important questions you may consider asking your child's doctor.

    • Retinoblastoma in Children

      Retinoblastoma is a rare cancer of the retina of the eye. The retina is in the back of the eye. It’s the part of the eye that receives light. Retinoblastoma is the most common tumor affecting the eye in children. It almost always occurs in children less than 5 years old.

    • Rhabdomyosarcoma in Children

      Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of cancer. It starts in cells that grow into skeletal muscle cells. The cells are called rhabdomyoblasts. Skeletal muscles control all of a person’s voluntary muscle movements. The cancer is most common in children under age 10, but it is rare. It can form anywhere in the body.

    • Topic Index - Oncology

      Detailed information on cancer in children

    • Treatment for Cancer

      The specific treatment for your child's cancer will be determined by your child's healthcare provider, based on a variety of factors, including the type of cancer and the extent of the disease.

    • Wilms Tumor

      Wilms tumor is a cancerous tumor that starts in the cells of the kidney. It’s the most common type of kidney cancer in children. It’s usually found by the time a child is age 3 or 4. The tumor can be very large before it’s found. And it may spread (metastasize) to other body tissues.