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Diseases & Conditions : Infectious Diseases


    • Adenovirus Infection in Children

      Adenoviruses are a group of viruses that cause a variety of infections. These include the common cold, conjunctivitis, and croup.

    • AIDS/HIV in Children

      Detailed information on HIV and AIDS, including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Campylobacter Infection in Children

      Campylobacter infection is a mild to serious digestive illness caused by bacteria.  Symptoms often include cramping, diarrhea, belly pain, and fever.

    • Cat Scratch Disease in Children

      Cat scratch disease is most common in children under age 10. In almost all cases of cat scratch disease, the person who develops it will have had contact with a cat or kitten.

    • Childhood Immunizations

      Your little one will need several immunization shots to help protect her from several childhood diseases, some of which can be deadly. Knowing which shots she needs, when, and what to do in the event of a minor reaction is important.

    • Diphtheria in Children

      Diphtheria is a childhood disease that was common in the 1930s. A vaccine against diphtheria has made it very rare today in the U.S. and other developed countries.

    • Fever in Children

      When your child has a fever, the body resets its thermostat at a higher temperature. This helps the body fight off invading microorganisms.

    • Fifth Disease in Children

      Fifth disease is a viral illness that causes a rash. It occurs most often in the winter and spring.

    • Haemophilus Influenzae Infections in Children

      Haemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae) is a group of bacteria that can cause different types of infections in babies and children. H. influenzae most often cause ear, eye, or sinus infections. They also cause pneumonia.

    • Handwashing

      At home or work, it's important to wash your hands often—and properly. Read on to learn how.

    • Hepatitis in Children

      Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. It can damage and destroy liver cells.

    • Herpes Simplex Virus (Cold Sores) in Children

      Cold sores are small blisters around the mouth caused by the herpes simplex virus. Once a child is infected with the virus, the virus becomes inactive (dormant) for long periods of time. It can then become active at any time and cause cold sores.

    • HIV Home Care

      Detailed information on HIV home care for your child

    • Home Page - Infectious Diseases in Children

      Detailed information on infectious diseases in children

    • Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs) in Children

      Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are a group of viruses that cause different types of respiratory infections. They are more common in children and babies. But they can occur in people of any age, especially those with a weak immune system.

    • Impetigo in Children

      Impetigo is an infection of the skin. When it affects just the surface, it’s called superficial impetigo. Impetigo can also affect deeper parts of the skin. This is called ecthyma. It may occur on healthy skin. Or it may occur where the skin was injured by a cut, scrape, or insect bite.

    • Infectious Diseases

      Detailed information on infectious diseases in children

    • Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono) in Teens and Young Adults

      Infectious mononucleosis is a contagious illness. It’s common in teens and young adults.

    • Influenza (Flu) in Children

      Influenza (flu) is a very contagious viral infection that affects the air passages of the lungs. It causes a high fever, body aches, a cough, and other symptoms.

    • Lyme Disease in Children

      Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. The bacteria are usually spread by tick bites. Lyme disease is a year-round problem, but it peaks during the spring and summer months.

    • Measles (Rubeola) in Children

      Measles (rubeola) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. It causes a red, blotchy rash. It’s a very contagious illness.

    • Meningitis in Children

      Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and the spinal cord. Bacteria or viruses are the more common causes.

    • Meningococcal Infections in Children

      Meningococcal infections are not common, but they can be fatal. They occur most often in late winter and early spring. Children are more often affected, but the illnesses also occur in teens and adults.

    • MRSA Infection in Children

      MRSA is an infection that can be life-threatening if it spreads from the skin to the lungs, the bloodstream, or other organs. MRSA infection can be hard to treat.

    • Mumps in Children

      Mumps is a very contagious viral illness that infects the pair of salivary glands in front of the ears. Cases of mumps in the U.S. happen much less often since the mumps vaccine has been used.

    • Online Resources - Infectious Diseases in Children

      List of online resources to find additional information on infectious diseases

    • Pediatric Glossary - Infectious Diseases

      Glossary of terms relating to infectious diseases

    • Pets and Infectious Diseases in Children

      One way to prevent the spread of disease from your pet: Feed your pet a balanced diet and avoid having your pet eat raw foods or drink out of the toilet.

    • Poliomyelitis (Polio) in Children

      Poliomyelitis (polio) is a very contagious disease caused by a virus. The virus is most known for causing paralysis. But very few children with polio develop paralysis. Polio is now very rare in the U.S. because children are vaccinated against it.

    • Prevention of Infectious Disease

      Detailed information on prevention of infectious diseases

    • Rabies in Children

      Rabies is a viral infection that attacks the nervous system. Once symptoms develop, it is often fatal. But a rabies vaccine, or a series of vaccines, given soon after contact with an animal infected with rabies can prevent the illness.

    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) in Children

      Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a bacterial infection. It’s spread by the bite of an infected tick.

    • Roseola in Children

      Roseola is a contagious viral illness. It causes a high fever and then a rash that develops as the fever goes away.

    • Rotavirus Infection in Children

      Rotavirus is a contagious virus that causes nausea and diarrhea. It is the leading cause of severe infectious diarrhea in children.

    • Roundworm Infection in Children

      Roundworm infection is a type of parasitic illness. This is an illness in which an organism lives inside the body of another creature. The worms live and grow inside the body and may cause symptoms.

    • Rubella in Children

      Rubella is a viral illness that causes a mild fever and a skin rash. It is also called German measles, but is not caused by the same virus that causes measles (rubeola).

    • Scarlet Fever in Children

      Scarlet fever is an infectious disease that causes a rash. It is caused by the same kind of bacteria that cause strep throat.

    • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in Children

      Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral illness. It is very contagious and can spread quickly. It can cause mild illness, severe illness, or death.

    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

      Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

    • Shingles (Herpes Zoster) in Children

      Shingles (herpes zoster) is a painful skin rash. It’s caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). This is the same virus that causes chickenpox.

    • Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

      Detailed information on staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Tetanus in Children

      Tetanus is a severe illness of the central nervous system caused by bacteria. It's not contagious. It can be prevented by a vaccine.

    • The Immune System

      Detailed information on the immune system and how it works.

    • Topic Index - Infectious Diseases in Children

      Detailed information on infectious diseases in children

    • Toxic Shock Syndrome

      Detailed information on toxic shock syndrome, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

    • Trichomoniasis (Trich) in Teens

      Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can cause vaginal redness and swelling (inflammation) in teen girls. In teen boys it can cause painful urination.

    • Tuberculosis (TB) in Children

      Tuberculosis (TB) is an ongoing (chronic) infection caused by bacteria. It usually infects the lungs. But the kidneys, spine, and brain may also be affected.

    • Walking Pneumonia in Children

      Walking pneumonia is very common in school-aged children. It's the most common type of pneumonia in this age group.

    • West Nile Fever in Children

      West Nile fever is an illness caused by a virus. The virus is spread by mosquito bites. It usually causes mild, flu-like symptoms.

    • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Children

      Whooping cough (pertussis) is a contagious illness. It causes intense fits (paroxysms) of coughing. It mainly affects babies and young children.