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Diseases & Conditions : Eye Care

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    • Age-Appropriate Vision Milestones

      An infant's eyes are sometimes uncoordinated and may look cross-eyed. Within 2 months, the child can follow faces and objects and look at his or her hands.

    • Anatomy of the Eye

      The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

    • Blepharitis in Children

      Blepharitis is an inflammation in the oil glands of the eyelid. It causes swollen eyelids and crusting around the eyelashes. Even after it’s treated and goes away, it can often come back again and again for years. It can often lead to an infection of the eye and a loss of eyelashes.

    • Blocked Tear Duct (Dacryostenosis) in Children

      A blocked tear duct is called dacryostenosis. It may also be called a congenital lacrimal duct obstruction. Congenital means that your baby is born with it.

    • Bruising or Black Eye (Ecchymosis)

      A black eye should be seen by a healthcare provider to make sure no injury has happened to the eye itself. Most black eyes heal completely and do not cause any damage.

    • Cataracts in Children

      A cataract is a clouding (opaque area) over the lens of the eye. This area is normally clear (transparent). Some cataracts are small and don’t cause any trouble with vision. Other, more progressive cataracts can cause visual problems in children. Cataracts are rare in children.

    • Cellulitis of the Eye in Children

      Cellulitis is a serious type of infection and inflammation. It can occur in various parts of the body. When it occurs in the eyelid and tissues in the front part of the eye area, it’s called pre-septal cellulitis. When it occurs behind and around the eye in the eye socket (orbit), it’s called orbital cellulitis. Both of these conditions are serious.

    • Chalazion in Children

      A chalazion (kuh-LAY-zee-un) is a slow-growing, painless lump in the eyelid that forms because of the swelling of an oil gland. It’s more common in adults between ages 30 and 50 than in children.

    • Chemical Burns of the Eye in Children

      Chemical burns happen when a chemical gets into your child’s eye.

    • Childhood Glaucoma

      Detailed information on childhood glaucoma, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Childhood Vision Problems

      Detailed information on problems with vision in children

    • Conjunctivitis in Children

      Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva is the membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the eyeball. Conjunctivitis is also known as “pink eye.”

    • Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers

      Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe harmful reactions.

    • Eye Care Specialists

      An ophthalmologist is either a medical doctor (M.D.) or an osteopathic physician (D.O.). An optometrist is a doctor of optometry (O.D.) but is not a medical doctor. An optician is a technician who fits eyeglasses.

    • Eye Disorders in Children

      Detailed information on eye disorders in children

    • Eye Exams and Visual Screening

      At 6 months of age, an infant should have a vision screening during a well-baby visit. In particular, the healthcare provider should check how well the eyes work together.

    • Eye Safety and First Aid

      Detailed information on eye safety and tips to avoid eye injury

    • Eye Trauma

      Detailed information on eye trauma in children

    • Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

      A child who needs vision correction may wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. Either choice comes in a range of choices.

    • Eyelid Lacerations in Children

      Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid. They are caused by trauma.

    • First-Aid for the Eyes

      A child with a foreign object in the eye should not rub the eye. An eye wash may be able to flush the object out of the eye. If that doesn't work, seek medical attention immediately.

    • Foreign Bodies in the Eye in Children

      A foreign body is any object in your child’s eye that isn’t supposed to be there. The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva. This is a thin membrane that covers the eye itself. Or it may be in the cornea. This is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.

    • Fractures of the Orbit in Children

      An orbital fracture happens when one or more bones surrounding one of your child's eyes is broken. The orbit is the bony structure around the eye.

    • Home Page - Eye Care and Children

      Detailed information on eye disorders in children

    • Keratitis in Children

      Keratitis is an inflammation or infection of the cornea of the eye. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.

    • Normal Vision

      Light enters the eye through the cornea and passes through the pupil. It then hits the lens. This focuses the light rays on the retina. The optic nerve carries the image from the retina to the brain.

    • Online Resources - Eye Care for Children

      List of online resources to find additional information on eye care

    • Pediatric Glossary - Eye Care

      Glossary of terms relating to eye care

    • Preventing Eye Injuries in Children

      Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

    • Refractive Errors in Children

      The most common refractive errors in children are nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

    • Signs and Symptoms of Potential Eye Problems

      Symptoms of eye problems in children include crossed eyes, redness in the eyes, squinting, and excessive tearing.

    • Strabismus

      Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes. The eyes (one or both) may turn inward, outward, up, or down. This condition is also called wandering eye or crossed eyes.

    • Styes in Children

      A stye is an inflammation or infection of the eyelid margin. This condition is also called a hordeolum.

    • Topic Index - Eye Care for Children

      Detailed information on eye disorders in children

    • Types of Visual Screening Tests for Infants and Children

      Many types of vision tests can be used to check your child's ability to see. Some of them can be used at any age, and some are used based on your child's age and understanding.

    • Visual Screening and Eye Examinations

      Detailed information on visual screening tests in children

    • Visual Screening Overview

      Many eye problems happen at an early age, so it is important that your child receives proper eye care (eye exams and visual screening tests).