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Diseases & Conditions : Eye Care


    • Age-Appropriate Vision Milestones

      An infant's eyes are sometimes uncoordinated and may look cross-eyed. Within two months, the child can follow faces and objects and look at his or her hands.

    • Anatomy of the Eye

      The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

    • Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children

      Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

    • Blepharitis

      Detailed information on blepharitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Blocked Tear Duct (Dacryostenosis)

      A blocked tear duct can occur in one or both eyes. The blockage may be present at all times, or it may come and go.

    • Bruising or Black Eye (Ecchymosis)

      A black eye should be seen by a doctor to make sure no injury has occurred to the eye itself. Most black eyes heal completely and do not cause any damage.

    • Cataracts in Children

      Detailed information on cataracts, including causes, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Cellulitis of the Eye in Children

      Detailed information on orbital cellulitis and pre-septal cellulitis, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Chalazion

      Detailed information on chalazion, including cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Chemical Burns of the Eye

      A chemical burn occurs when a child gets any type of chemical in his or her eye. This is a medical emergency, and the child should receive immediate medical care.

    • Childhood Glaucoma

      Detailed information on childhood glaucoma, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Childhood Vision Problems

      Detailed information on problems with vision in children

    • Conjunctivitis (Newborn / Childhood)

      Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is a very common problem in children. Large outbreaks of conjunctivitis are often seen in day-care settings and schools.

    • Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers

      Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe adverse reactions.

    • Crossed-Eyes (Strabismus)

      A child with strabismus has one or both eyes that turn inward, outward, up, or down. At times, more than one of these conditions are present.

    • Eye Care Specialists

      An ophthalmologist is either a medical doctor (M.D.) or an osteopathic physician (D.O.). An optometrist is a doctor of optometry (O.D.) but is not a medical doctor. An optician is a technician who fits eyeglasses.

    • Eye Disorders in Children

      Detailed information on eye disorders in children

    • Eye Examinations and Visual Screening

      At 6 months of age, an infant should have a vision screening during a well-baby visit. In particular, the doctor should check how well the eyes work together.

    • Eye Safety and First Aid

      Detailed information on eye safety and tips to avoid eye injury

    • Eye Trauma

      Detailed information on eye trauma in children

    • Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

      A child who needs vision correction may wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. Either choice comes in a range of options.

    • Eyelid Lacerations

      Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid caused by trauma. Your child's doctor will examine the eye closely to make sure no damage has occurred to the eye itself.

    • First-Aid for the Eyes

      A child with a foreign object in the eye should not rub the eye. An eye wash may be able to flush the object out of the eye. If that doesn't work, seek medical attention immediately.

    • Foreign Bodies in the Eye

      The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva—the thin membrane that covers the actual eye—or in the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.

    • Fractures of the Orbit

      The orbit is the bony structure around the eye. A blow to the face can break one or more of these bones and can result in severe eye injury and damage.

    • Home Page - Eye Care and Children

      Detailed information on eye disorders in children

    • Keratitis

      Keratitis is an inflammation or infection of the cornea of the eye. It is a medical emergency because it can lead to blindness if not treated.

    • Normal Vision

      Light enters the eye through the cornea and passes through the pupil. It then hits the lens, which focuses the light rays on the retina. The optic nerve carries the image from the retina to the brain.

    • Online Resources - Eye Care for Children

      List of online resources to find additional information on eye care

    • Pediatric Glossary - Eye Care

      Glossary of terms relating to eye care

    • Refractive Errors in Children

      The most common refractive errors in children are nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

    • Signs and Symptoms of Potential Eye Problems

      Symptoms of eye problems in children include crossed eyes, redness in the eyes, squinting, and excessive tearing.

    • Stye (Hordeolum)

      A stye is caused by an infection in the oil-producing or sweat glands in the eyelid. The infection is usually caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus.

    • Topic Index - Eye Care for Children

      Detailed information on eye disorders in children

    • Types of Visual Screening Tests for Infants and Children

      Many types of vision tests can be used to check your child's ability to see. Some of them can be used at any age, and some are used based on your child's age and understanding.

    • Visual Screening and Eye Examinations

      Detailed information on visual screening tests in children

    • Visual Screening Overview