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Diseases & Conditions : Dermatology


    • Bacterial Skin Infections in Children

      Detailed information on bacterial skin infections, including impetigo, cellulitis, scarlet fever, folliculitis, boils, carbuncles, and staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome

    • Benign Skin Growths and Pigmentation Disorders

      Detailed information on benign skin growths and pigmentation disorders in children

    • Birthmarks

      Detailed information on birthmarks and the different types, including vascular birthmarks, hemangiomas, and port-wine stains.

    • Bites

      Detailed information on bites, including human bites, animal bites, and insect bites

    • Blisters in Children

      Detailed information on blisters, including cause, first aid, and treatment.

    • Burns in Children

      Detailed information on burns, burn types, classification of burns, and burn treatment

    • Candidiasis in Children

      Candidiasis is an infection caused by yeast called Candida. Candida normally causes no harm, and is found on the skin, vaginal area, and digestive system. But in some cases, it can overgrow. This can cause a rash, itching, and other symptoms.

    • Cellulitis in Children

      Cellulitis is a spreading skin infection. It may affect the upper skin layer. Or it may affect the deeper skin and layer of fat under the skin. When cellulitis affects the upper skin layer, it may be called erysipelas. This type of infection is more common in children.

    • Chickenpox

      Detailed information on chickenpox, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, complications, and immunity

    • Common Skin Disorders in Children

      Detailed information on common skin disorders, including Bacterial Skin Infections, Fungal Skin Infections, Viral Skin Infections, Viral Exanthems (Rashes), and Parasitic Skin Infections

    • Cradle Cap

      Cradle cap (infant seborrheic dermatitis) is scaly patches on a baby's scalp. Cradle cap isn’t serious, but it can cause thick crusting and white or yellow scales. Some babies can also have seborrheic dermatitis in the diaper area, and on the face, neck, and trunk. Cradle cap usually clears up within the first year.

    • Dermatitis in Children

      Detailed information on dermatitis, including the different types of dermatitis such as atopic dermatitis (eczema), contact dermatitis, dermatitis herpetiformis, generalized exfoliative dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, localized scratch dermatitis, nummular dermatitis, perioral dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis

    • Describing a Child's Skin Condition

      A helpful look at some of the terms a healthcare provider may use to describe your child's skin condition.

    • Diaper Dermatitis in Children

      Diaper dermatitis is inflammation of the skin in the diaper area. It’s a very common condition in babies and toddlers.

    • Facts About Animal Bites

      Whether the bite is from a family pet or an animal in the wild, scratches and bites can become infected and cause scarring. Animals can also carry diseases that can be transmitted through a bite.

    • Fifth Disease in Children

      Fifth disease is a viral illness that causes a rash. It occurs most often in the winter and spring.

    • Flea, Mite, or Chigger Bites in Children

      Fleas, mites, and chiggers are different kinds of small insects. They are also parasites. This means they feed off the blood, skin, or both of animals and humans. These insects are more common in the warm weather. They bite skin and cause symptoms such as bumps, redness, pain, or itching.

    • Folliculitis, Furuncles, and Carbuncles in Children

      Bacteria on the skin can cause an infection of one or more hair follicles. A hair follicle is the base or root of a hair.

    • Fungal Infections

      Detailed information on fungal skin infections, including Candidiasis, Tinea Infections, and Tinea Versicolor

    • Head Lice in Children

      Head lice are tiny parasitic bugs that can infest the skin. They live on people’s heads and feed on their blood. Head lice can cause intense itching.

    • Home Page - Dermatology and Children

      Detailed information on dermatology and children

    • Human Bites

      Detailed information on human bites, including treatment for human bites

    • Impetigo in Children

      Impetigo is an infection of the skin. When it affects just the surface, it’s called superficial impetigo. Impetigo can also affect deeper parts of the skin. This is called ecthyma. It may occur on healthy skin. Or it may occur where the skin was injured by a cut, scrape, or insect bite.

    • Insect Bites and Children

      Detailed information on insect bites, including fleas, mites, chiggers, and ticks

    • Lyme Disease in Children

      Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. The bacteria are usually spread by tick bites. Lyme disease is a year-round problem, but it peaks during the spring and summer months.

    • Measles (Rubeola) in Children

      Measles (rubeola) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. It causes a red, blotchy rash. It’s a very contagious illness.

    • Medicine Rashes in Children

      Medicine rashes are the body’s reaction to a certain medicine. The type of rash that occurs depends on the type of medicine that is causing it. Rashes can range from mild to severe.

    • Molluscum Contagiosum in Children

      Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin disease that causes small pink or skin-colored bumps on your child’s skin. It is not harmful and usually does not have any other symptoms. The virus is inside the bumps and is mildly contagious. These bumps usually clear over time.

    • Noninfectious Skin Conditions

      Detailed information on non-infectious skin conditions, including dermatitis, acne, drug rashes, poison ivy/poison oak, and toxic epidermal necrolysis

    • Online Resources - Dermatology for Children

      List of online resources to find additional information on dermatology and common skin conditions

    • Other Benign Skin Growths in Children

      Detailed information on benign skin growths, including dermatofibromas, dermoid cyst, freckles, keloids, lipomas, moles, atypical moles, pyogenic granulomas

    • Parasitic Skin Infections

      Detailed information on parasitic skin infections, including scabies and lice

    • Pediatric Glossary - Dermatology

      Glossary of terms relating to dermatology and common skin conditions for patients and consumers

    • Pityriasis Rosea in Children

      Pityriasis rosea (pit-uh-RI-uh-sis RO-zee-uh) is a mild, common rash. It causes the skin to become scaly, pink, and inflamed. The rash can last from 1 to 3 months and usually leaves no lasting marks. This rash is not contagious.

    • Poison Ivy Rash in Children

      Poison ivy rash is an allergic reaction to poison ivy. Poison ivy is very common plant in the U.S. It is similar to two other plants called poison oak and poison sumac. The plants cause allergic dermatitis.

    • Rashes Caused by Viruses

      Detailed information on viral exanthems (rashes)

    • Ringworm in Children

      Ringworm is a type of skin infection cause by a fungus. It looks like a red skin rash that forms a ring around normal-looking skin. Ringworm can be of several types.

    • Roseola in Children

      Roseola is a contagious viral illness. It causes a high fever and then a rash that develops as the fever goes away.

    • Rubella in Children

      Rubella is a viral illness that causes a mild fever and a skin rash. It is also called German measles, but is not caused by the same virus that causes measles (rubeola).

    • Scabies in Children

      Scabies is an infestation of tiny bugs called mites on the skin. It causes a small red rash and intense itching. This infection is very contagious. It often spreads from child to child while children are sleeping together in the same bed or have close personal contact.

    • Scarlet Fever in Children

      Scarlet fever is an infectious disease that causes a rash. It is caused by the same kind of bacteria that cause strep throat.

    • Shingles (Herpes Zoster) in Children

      Shingles (herpes zoster) is a painful skin rash. It’s caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). This is the same virus that causes chickenpox.

    • Skin Cancer in Children

      Skin cancer is a type of cancer that grows in the cells of the skin. It can spread to and damage nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body. Skin cancer is rare in children.

    • Skin Injury in Children

      Detailed information on skin injuries, including blisters, burns, sunburn, and bites

    • Skin Pigment Disorders

      Detailed information on the most common types of skin pigment disorders, including albinism, melasma, vitiligo, and skin pigment loss following sun damage.

    • Skin Tests

      Detailed information on the most common types of skin tests, including patch testing, skin biopsy, and skin culture.

    • Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

      Detailed information on staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Sunburn and Children

      Protect your child from the sun. Up to 80% of total lifetime sun exposure occurs in the first 18 years of life.

    • Tick Bites

      Ticks attach themselves to the scalp, behind the ear, in the armpit and groin, and also between fingers and toes. Find out what to do if you find a tick on your child.

    • Tinea Versicolor in Children

      Tinea versicolor is a fungal skin infection. It’s caused by yeast on the skin. It occurs most often in adolescents and young adults. But it can happen at any time.

    • Topic Index - Dermatology for Children

      Detailed information on dermatology and children

    • Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Children

      Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening skin disorder. It causes blistering and peeling of the skin. It can be caused by a medicine reaction.

    • Treatment for Dog and Cat Bites and Scratches

      When your child is bitten or scratched by an animal, remain calm and reassure your child that you can help. Here's what you need to know.

    • Treatment for Skin Cancer in Children

      Skin cancer in children can be treated in several ways. The best choice for your child depends on the size, place, and stage of the cancer, along with other factors.

    • Viral Skin Infections

      Detailed information on viral skin infections, including Herpes Zoster (Shingles), Pityriasis Rosea, Warts, and Molluscum Contagiosum

    • Warts in Children

      Warts on the skin are harmless growths. They are caused by a virus. Warts can spread to other parts of the body and to other people.