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Diseases & Conditions : Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings


    • Abrasions

      An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a brush burn. Abrasions are usually minor injuries that can be treated at home.

    • Accident Statistics

      Injury is the leading cause of death in children and young adults. Falls are the leading cause of unintentional injury for children.

    • Anatomy of the Eye

      The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

    • Animal Bites

      Detailed information on animal bites and rabies, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

    • Bites and Stings

      Detailed information on insect bites, including bee stings, flea bites, mite bites, chigger bites, spider bites, tick bites, and lyme disease

    • Blisters in Children

      Detailed information on blisters, including cause, first aid, and treatment.

    • Brown Recluse and Black Widow Spider Bites in Children

      All spiders in the U.S. are poisonous. The fangs of most spiders are too short or too fragile to break through human skin. Or their poison (venom) is too weak to cause damage. Most spider bites cause only minor, local reactions. But some spider bites can be deadly.

    • Bruises

      A bruise is a collection of blood underneath the skin that is caused by injury to an area of the body. Sometimes enough bleeding occurs so that a lump also forms.

    • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Children

      Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless, tasteless, odorless gas. It is the most common cause of accidental poisoning-related deaths and is often called "the silent killer."

    • Cat Scratch Disease in Children

      Cat scratch disease is a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. It is passed from a cat bite or scratch to a human. It can also result from a fleabite, but cats are the main source.

    • Chemical Burns of the Eye in Children

      Chemical burns happen when a chemical gets into your child’s eye.

    • Childproof Your Home for Poisons

      Always remember that ordinary products you use each day around the home can become dangerous poisons in the hands of a child.

    • Corneal Abrasions in Children

      A corneal abrasion is a scratch or scrape on the cornea. This is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.

    • Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers

      Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe harmful reactions.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the External Ear

      Any wound to the ear cartilage that is more than just a superficial cut or laceration should be seen by a healthcare provider to decide if stitches are needed.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the Face

      Most minor cuts or wounds to the face can be handled at home with simple first-aid treatment.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the Mouth and Lips

      The gums, tongue, and lips have a rich blood supply and when cuts happen, these areas may bleed excessively.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the Nose

      Most minor nose wounds can be handled at home, but a wound or bruise that also involves one or both eyes needs immediate medical attention.

    • Emergency Contact Information

      In an emergency, it is easy to "forget" even the most well-known information. That's why it is crucial to complete the information in this form for each member of your household.

    • Eye Trauma

      Detailed information on eye trauma in children

    • Eyelid Lacerations in Children

      Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid. They are caused by trauma.

    • Facts About Animal Bites

      Whether the bite is from a family pet or an animal in the wild, scratches and bites can become infected and cause scarring. Animals can also carry diseases that can be transmitted through a bite.

    • Facts About Burn Injury

      Hot tap water burns cause more deaths and hospitalizations than burns from any other hot liquids.

    • Facts About Poisons

      Medicines are the leading cause of poisoning in children. Poisoning by makeup and personal care products is the next most common cause.

    • First Aid for Poisonings

      Sometimes accidental poisonings can be treated in the home under the direction of a poison control center or your child's healthcare provider. At other times, emergency medical care is necessary.

    • First-Aid Kit

      Detailed list of recommended items for a household first-aid kit

    • Flea, Mite, or Chigger Bites in Children

      Fleas, mites, and chiggers are different kinds of small insects. They are also parasites. This means they feed off the blood, skin, or both of animals and humans. These insects are more common in the warm weather. They bite skin and cause symptoms such as bumps, redness, pain, or itching.

    • Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway

      Children usually place things in their ears because they are bored, curious, or copying other children. Some objects may cause no symptoms, but other objects, such as food and insects, may cause pain in the ear, redness, or drainage.

    • Foreign Bodies in the Eye in Children

      A foreign body is any object in your child’s eye that isn’t supposed to be there. The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva. This is a thin membrane that covers the eye itself. Or it may be in the cornea. This is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.

    • Fractures of the Orbit in Children

      An orbital fracture happens when one or more bones surrounding one of your child's eyes is broken. The orbit is the bony structure around the eye.

    • Frostbite in Children

      Detailed information on frostbite, including symptoms and what to do if frostbite occurs

    • Glossary - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      Glossary of terms relating to common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Home Page - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      Detailed information on the common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Household Safety Checklist

      Use this list as part of a thorough safety check of your home. It can help prevent accidents and injuries.

    • Human Bites

      Detailed information on human bites, including treatment for human bites

    • Injuries to the Teeth

      The injury may be to a primary tooth or a permanent tooth. A tooth can be cracked, chipped, or totally detached from its socket.

    • Insect Bites and Children

      Detailed information on insect bites, including fleas, mites, chiggers, and ticks

    • Insect Stings in Children

      Insect stings can occur anywhere on the body and can be painful and frightening for a child. Most insect stings cause only minor discomfort. Most stings are from honeybees or yellow jackets (also called ground hornets).

    • Insects in a Child's Ear

      Don't try to remove the insect by poking it with a cotton swab. This may push the insect farther into the ear or damage to the middle ear and eardrum.

    • Lacerations With Stitches

      Stitches, also called sutures, are special types of thread that hold the edges of a wound together while it heals.

    • Lacerations Without Stitches

      A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. Some lacerations are small and need only minor treatment at home.

    • Lead Poisoning in Children

      Lead poisoning is a totally preventable disease. Children ages 1 to 3 who live in low-income housing built before 1978 are especially at risk.

    • Lyme Disease in Children

      Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. The bacteria are usually spread by tick bites. Lyme disease is a year-round problem, but it peaks during the spring and summer months.

    • Minor Cuts, Scrapes, and Skin Wounds

      Detailed information on minor cuts, scrapes, and skin wounds in children

    • Minor Injuries Overview

      Children's days are filled with running, jumping, bicycling, sports, and other fun activities that keep them active and "on-the-go" from morning until night. Along with the fun comes an occasional cut, bruise, or tumble. Luckily, most of these injuries are not serious.

    • Minor Problem vs. a True Emergency

      In general, take your child to an emergency room after an injury anytime you think the problem may need urgent attention.

    • Muscle and Joint Injuries

      Detailed information on muscle and joint injuries, including prevention

    • Mushroom Poisoning in Children

      Mushroom poisoning happens when a child eats a mushroom that has poisons (toxins). Here's what you need to know, from symptoms to diagnosis and treatment.

    • Nosebleeds

      Nosebleeds are fairly common in children, especially in dry climates or during the winter months, when dry heat inside homes and buildings can cause drying, cracking, or crusting inside the nose.

    • Nursemaid’s Elbow

      Nursemaid’s elbow is a type of elbow injury. It’s when a forearm bone (radius) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint.

    • Online Resources - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      List of online resources to find additional information on common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Poisons and Children

      Detailed information on poisoning, preventing poisoning and how to respond in an emergency

    • Preventing Eye Injuries in Children

      Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

    • Puncture Wounds

      A puncture wound is a deep wound made by a sharp object. This type of wound may become infected easily because dirt and germs are carried deep into the tissues.

    • Rabies in Children

      Rabies is a viral infection that attacks the nervous system. Once symptoms develop, it is often fatal. But a rabies vaccine, or a series of vaccines, given soon after contact with an animal infected with rabies can prevent the illness.

    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) in Children

      Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a bacterial infection. It’s spread by the bite of an infected tick.

    • Safety for You and Your Child

      You can help your child by being prepared and preventing injuries from happening. It is important to take charge of your child's health and follow a program designed to help you and your family stay healthy and safe.

    • Small Cuts and Scrapes

      Wash the cut area well with soap and water, but do not scrub the wound. A dirty cut or scrape that is not thoroughly cleaned can cause scarring.

    • Snakebites in Children

      Both venomous and nonvenomous snakes can bite. In the U.S., snakebites most often occur between April and October. Even a bite from a nonvenomous snake can cause an infection or allergic reaction in some children.

    • Splinters

      A splinter is a sharp sliver of wood, glass, or other debris that is lodged underneath the skin. Removal of small, superficial splinters can usually be done at home.

    • Sprains and Strains in Children

      Sprains and strains are types of injuries. A sprain is an injury to a ligament while a strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon.

    • Sunburn and Children

      Protect your child from the sun. Up to 80% of total lifetime sun exposure occurs in the first 18 years of life.

    • Superficial Injuries Overview

      During a child's day, minor injuries may happen during play and sports activities. The face and head are especially at risk for cuts and scrapes.

    • Superficial Injuries to the Face and Head

      Children are more likely to end up with a cut or scrape on the head or face. One reason is that children's sense of balance isn't completely adjusted.

    • Syrup of Ipecac

      Syrup of ipecac is a substance that causes vomiting. It is no longer recommended as a first aid for poisoning because it may not be effective and can even interfere with other remedies.

    • Tennis Elbow in Children

      Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury. It happens when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged.

    • Thermal Injuries

      Detailed information on thermal injuries in children

    • Tick Bite Diseases

      Ticks feed on human blood. Most tick bites are harmless, but some species can cause serious diseases.

    • Tick Bites

      Ticks attach themselves to the scalp, behind the ear, in the armpit and groin, and also between fingers and toes. Find out what to do if you find a tick on your child.

    • Topic Index - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      Detailed information on the common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Treatment for Dog and Cat Bites and Scratches

      When your child is bitten or scratched by an animal, remain calm and reassure your child that you can help. Here's what you need to know.

    • Why Children Bite

      A young child may bite out of frustration or when under stress. Biting may also be an attempt to gain power—or just a way of exploring the world.