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Diseases & Conditions : Child and Adolescent Mental Health


    • Adjustment Disorders

      Adjustment disorders are quite common in children and teens. They are characterized by an excessive reaction to stress.

    • Anorexia Nervosa in Children

      Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is a form of self-starvation. A child or teen with anorexia has abnormally low body weight, a distorted body image, and an intense fear of gaining weight.

    • Anxiety Disorders in Children

      Detailed information on the most common types of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and phobias

    • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children

      ADHD is a behavior disorder marked by inattention, impulsivity, and, in some cases, hyperactivity.

    • Autism Spectrum Disorder

      Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a problem that affects a child’s nervous system and growth and development. It usually shows up during a child’s first 3 years of life.

    • Behavior Disorders

      Detailed information on behavior problems in adolescents, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder

    • Bipolar Disorder in Adolescents

      Manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder, is a type of affective disorder that goes beyond the day's ordinary ups and downs. It is becoming an important health concern in this country.

    • Bulimia Nervosa in Adolescents

      Bulimia nervosa is defined as uncontrolled episodes of overeating (bingeing) usually followed by self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, enemas, or medications in an attempt to control weight.

    • Communication Disorders

      Young children with communication disorders may not speak at all, or may have a limited vocabulary for their age. Some children with communication disorders have difficulty understanding simple directions or are unable to name objects.

    • Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation for Children

      A psychiatric evaluation looks at the child's behaviors, when those behaviors happen, and what impact those behaviors have on school, family, and other relationships.

    • Conduct Disorder in Children

      A child with a conduct disorder has antisocial behaviors that violate the rights of others as well as basic social standards and rules.

    • Developmental Disorders

      Detailed information on developmental disorders in children

    • Eating Disorders in Children

      Detailed information on adolescents and eating disorders, including anorexia, bulimia, and obesity

    • Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents

      Children or teens with generalized anxiety disorder often worry a lot about future events, past behaviors, social acceptance, and school performance.

    • Glossary - Child and Adolescent Mental Health

      Glossary of terms relating to mental health

    • Home Page - Child and Adolescent Mental Health

      Detailed information on child and adolescent mental health disorders

    • Knowing When to Seek Treatment for Your Child

      Common symptoms of a potential emotional, behavioral, or developmental problem include poor grades in school, withdrawal from friends and family, and insomnia.

    • Learning Disorders

      Learning disorders are sometimes called learning disabilities. Most children with learning disorders have normal intelligence, but they have difficulty with reading, math, or another academic area.

    • Major Depression in Children

      Common symptoms of major depression include persistent feelings of sadness, sleep disturbances, and difficulty concentrating.

    • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children

      Rituals and obsessive thoughts are a normal part of a teen's development. An adolescent with OCD has obsessive thoughts that are unwanted and related to fears.

    • Online Resources - Child and Adolescent Mental Health

      List of online resources to find additional information on mental health

    • Oppositional Defiant Disorder

      This behavior disorder is characterized by uncooperative, defiant, negativistic, irritable, and annoying behaviors toward parents, peers, teachers, and other authority figures.

    • Overview of Mood Disorders in Teens

      Mood disorders in teens are one of the most underdiagnosed mental health problems. These disorders also put teens at risk for other conditions that may last long after the first episodes of depression are resolved.

    • Persistent Depressive Disorder in Children

      Detailed information on persistent depressive disorder, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Pervasive Developmental Disorders

      Children with PDD have difficulty with language, communication, socialization, and motor behaviors. Autism is an example of a PDD.

    • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children

      PTSD is a debilitating mental health condition that can occur after a child has or sees a traumatic event.

    • Psychiatric Treatment Team

      Team members may include a child and adolescent psychiatrist, a psychologist, a social worker, and a psychiatric nurse.

    • Schizophrenia in Children

      Detailed information on schizophrenia in children, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

    • Separation Anxiety Disorder

      All children and teens experience some anxiety—it's a normal part of growing up. When worries and fears abnormally focus on separation from home or family, the child may have separation anxiety disorder.

    • Substance Abuse / Chemical Dependence in Adolescents

      Substances frequently abused by adolescents include alcohol, marijuana, and amphetamines. Some teens are at higher risk of developing substance-related disorders.

    • Teen Suicide

      Suicide is the third leading cause of death in 15- to 24-year-olds. The strongest risk factors for attempted suicide in youth are depression, substance abuse, and aggressive or disruptive behaviors.

    • Topic Index - Child and Adolescent Mental Health

      Detailed information on child and adolescent mental health disorders

    • Tourette Disorder

      A person with Tourette disorder develops multiple repeated tics. The tics are abrupt, purposeless, and involuntary vocal sounds or muscular jerks.