Welcome to Novant Health Go

Health library

Quick Search    


Search Alphabetically

 


Diseases & Conditions : Women's Health

Return

    • Amenorrhea

      Amenorrhea means you haven't had your period for more than 3 cycles. It can be caused by a variety of things including overexercising, being overweight, or due to an ovulation problem.

    • Anatomy of the Breasts

      Each breast has 15 to 20 sections (lobes), which are arranged like the petals of a daisy. Each lobe has many smaller lobules, which end in dozens of tiny bulbs that can produce milk.

    • Anatomy of the Urinary System

      Detailed anatomical description of the urinary system, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations

    • Bone Density Test

      A bone density test measures the strength and density of your bones as you approach menopause and, when the test is repeated sometime later, can help determine how quickly you are losing bone mass and density.

    • Breast Health

      Detailed information on breast health, including anatomy of the breast, normal breast development, breast cancer prevention, breast self-examination, mammography, breast conditions, mastalgia (breast pain), breast lump, fibrocystic breast changes, nipple

    • Breast Health: Preventive Care

      To monitor your breast health, you should get a year clinical exam and mammograms as directed by your doctor.

    • Breast Infections and Inflammations

      The most common type of breast infection is lactational mastitis. This happens when a woman is breastfeeding. The nipples become cracked and sore, allowing bacteria from the baby's mouth to enter the ducts and rapidly multiply in the milk.

    • Breast Self-Awareness

      Your breasts change at different stages of your life. Breast self-awareness is knowing how your breasts normally look and feel. This can help you to find even small changes right away.

    • Cervicitis

      Cervicitis is irritation or infection of the cervix. It can be caused by a number of different sexually transmitted diseases.

    • Colorectal Cancer: Statistics

      Most people who have colorectal cancer are older than 50. Find out who is most likely to get cancer and why.

    • Common Benign Lumps

      The two most common types of benign breast lumps are cysts and fibroadenomas. A cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops in the breast tissue. Fibroadenomas are solid, smooth, firm, benign lumps that are most commonly found in women in their late teens and early 20s.

    • Common Breast Conditions

      Detailed information on the most common breast conditions, including mastalgia (breast pain), benign breast lumps, fibrocystic breast changes, nipple problems, nipple discharge, breast infections, and breast inflammation

    • Components of Food

      When trying to make heart-healthy changes to your lifestyle and diet, it is helpful to know some basics about nutrition.

    • Contraception/Birth Control

      You have a lot of options when it comes to birth control. Some methods don't require a doctor's visit, but others, like oral contraceptives, are available only by prescription.

    • Depression

      Depression is a whole-body illness. It involves the body, mood, and thoughts. Depression affects the way you eat and sleep. It also can affect the way you feel about yourself and things. It is not the same as being unhappy or in a “blue” mood. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be willed or wished away. When you have depression, you can’t “pull yourself together” and get better. Treatment is often needed and many times crucial to recovery.

    • Diabetes (Type 1, 2, and Gestational)

      Detailed information on type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes, including causes, symptoms, complications, risk factors, and treatment

    • Diagnosing Benign (Noncancerous) Breast Conditions

      To diagnose a breast condition, your healthcare provider will examine your breasts and may order imaging tests or a biopsy.

    • Domestic Violence

      Abuse often begins with verbal behaviors such as name-calling, threats, and hitting or throwing objects. It can become worse, including pushing, slapping, and holding against the victim's will.

    • Dysmenorrhea

      Dysmenorrhea causes severe cramps and pain during a woman's period. It can start with your first period, or begin later in life. It can be related to an underlying conditions such as endometriosis.

    • Endometriosis

      The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus.This can cause pain, heavy periods, and infertility.

    • Estrogen's Effects on the Female Body

      In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen affects the reproductive tract, the urinary tract, the heart and blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles, and the brain.

    • Exercise

      Exercise doesn't have to be vigorous to offer health benefits. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity daily, or on most days of the week.

    • Exercise and the Older Adult

      Exercise is good for people of all ages. It helps lower blood pressure, reduces the risks for falls and serious injuries, and slows the body's loss of muscle and bone mass.

    • Fibrocystic Breast Changes

      Fibrocystic breast changes are symptoms you may feel in your breasts right before your period. Learn what these common symptoms feel like, what causes them--and how to care for your breasts with breast self-awareness.

    • Frequently Asked Questions: Mammograms

      Timing your mammogram when your breasts are not tender is important. In premenopausal women, this is usually 1 week after a menstrual period.

    • Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery

      Gastric bypass surgery involves bypassing a part of the small intestine that absorbs nutrients. For this reason, these surgeries are referred to as malabsorptive procedures.

    • Gastric Restrictive Surgery

      Gastric restrictive surgery is a type of bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery. It limits the amount of food you can eat. This surgery may be used to treat severe obesity when diet, exercise, and medicine have failed.

    • Glossary - Women's Health

      Glossary of terms relating to women's health

    • Gynecologic Inflammations and Infections

      Detailed information on the most common gynecological inflammations and infections, including vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease

    • Gynecological Anatomy

      Detailed anatomical description of the female pelvis, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations

    • Gynecological Concerns

      Detailed information on the most common gynecological concerns, including sexually transmitted diseases, endometriosis, pelvic pain, menstrual conditions, premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, gynec

    • Health Promotion and Prevention

      Detailed information on health promotion and disease prevention for women, including information on breast health, breast cancer prevention, breast self-examination, mammography, birth control, pap test, preconception care, heart disease prevention, safer

    • Heart Attack

      A heart attack happens when the blood supply is cut off from the heart muscle, usually because of a blood clot. Without blood and oxygen, the muscle cells are damaged and die.

    • Home Page - Women's Health

      Detailed information on healthcare for women, including information on breast health, colorectal cancer, diabetes, gynecological concerns, heart attack, hysterectomy, infertility, menopause, mental health, osteoporosis, skin cancer, and urinary conditions

    • Hysterectomy

      Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time.

    • Infertility

      Infertility is a problem of the reproductive system. It impairs the body's ability to reproduce. It could be caused by a problem with the man’s system, the woman’s system, or both.

    • Infertility Risk Factors for Men and Women

      Age, chronic diseases, and endometriosis are common factors for women. For men, they are STDs, toxic substances at work, and cigarette smoking.

    • Interstitial Cystitis

      Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflamed or irritated bladder wall. It can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder. The bladder can’t hold as much urine as it did in the past. It is a chronic disorder.

    • Introduction to Menopause

      When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. This stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children.

    • Lumbar Strain

      A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back. This results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore.

    • Maintaining Weight Loss

      Keeping extra weight off needs effort and commitment, just as losing weight does.

    • Mammograms and Breast Health

      Detailed information on mammograms, including the different types, how a mammogram is done, and recommended screening guidelines

    • Manage Your Medicines

      Detailed information on learning to manage your medicine, especially if you are taking several, and treating different conditions

    • Managing Stress

      A nutritious, well-balanced diet and exercise can keep your body fit and able to resist disease, and exercise is an excellent way to elevate your mood.

    • Mastalgia (Breast Pain)

      The most common type of breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle and is nearly always hormonal.

    • Medical Treatment for Obesity

      Medical treatment can help with weight loss if your own efforts are unsuccessful—or if you have a medical condition that makes it crucial to lose weight.

    • Menopausal Hormone Therapy

      If you use or are considering using hormone therapy, discuss the possible benefits and risks with your health care provider.

    • Menorrhagia

      Menorrhagia is heavy or prolonged bleeding during your period. It can be caused by hormone problems or problems with the uterus. Medications or procedures to treat the uterus can help.

    • Menstrual Cycle: An Overview

      A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation.

    • Mental Health

      Detailed information on mental health and women, including information on managing stress, depression, and domestic violence

    • Metabolic Syndrome

      Metabolic syndrome is a condition that includes the presence of a cluster of risk factors specific for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome greatly raises the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke, or all three.

    • Nipple Problems and Discharge

      Nipple conditions are a common benign breast condition affecting many women. Some problems are related to lactation, and others are not.

    • Normal Breast Development and Changes

      Breast development happens in distinct stages, first before birth, and again at puberty and during the childbearing years. Changes also happen to the breasts during menstruation and when a woman reaches menopause.

    • Obesity

      Detailed information on obesity, including obesity causes, obesity health effects, obesity medical treatment, obesity surgical treatment, maintaining weight loss, and obesity prevention

    • Obesity Treatment Overview

      Whatever treatment plan a person follows, losing weight slowly will be more effective and healthy over the long-term.

    • Online Resources - Women's Health

      List of online resources to find additional information on women's health

    • Osteoporosis Index

      Detailed information on osteoporosis and bone density test

    • Overview of Obesity

      Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can inflict substantial harm to a person’s health. Learn about obesity causes and obesity health effects.

    • Overview of Sports Injuries
    • Pap Test

      A Pap test is a way for your doctor to examine cells collected from the cervix for infection, inflammation, or cancer.

    • Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper's Knee)

      Jumper’s knee is caused by overuse of your knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces. It’s usually a sports-related injury, linked to leg muscle contraction and the force of hitting the ground.

    • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

      Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive tract. Scar tissue grows between internal organs leading to ongoing pelvic pain. It can also lead to ectopic pregnancy.

    • Pelvic Pain

      Pelvic pain is a challenging condition that can be due to many possible causes.

    • Perimenopause

      Perimenopause is the time around menopause when your body begins to change. You become less fertile and hormone levels fluctuate.

    • Plan and Prepare for Pregnancy

      Detailed information on planning and preparing for a healthy pregnancy

    • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

      PCOS is a common hormone problem in women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS may not ovulate, and have abnormal hormone levels. They may experience missed or irregular periods, excess hair growth and weight gain around the belly.

    • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

      Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a much more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It may affect women who are able to get pregnant. It’s a severe and chronic medical condition that requires attention and treatment. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medications can help manage symptoms.

    • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

      Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of emotional and physical symptoms many women have in the days before their period starts. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medicines can help manage symptoms.

    • Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases

      Detailed information on lifestyle changes necessary to lower your risk for heart disease

    • Preventing Obesity in Children, Teens, and Adults

      Given the chronic diseases and conditions associated with obesity and the fact that obesity is difficult to treat, prevention is extremely important.

    • Preventing Sports Injuries

      Good preventive steps: Warm up before you work out, alternate days for exercising certain muscle groups, and cool down when you're done.

    • Recognizing Gynecological Symptoms

      Detailed information on recognizing a gynecological problem

    • Runner’s Knee

      Runner's knee means that you have dull pain around the front of the knee (patella). This is where the knee connects with the lower end of the thighbone (femur).

    • Safer Sex Guidelines

      The only safe sex is no sex, most health care providers say. But certain precautions and safe behaviors can minimize a person's risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease.

    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

      Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

    • Shin Splints

      Shin splints refers to pain and tenderness along or just behind the large bone in the lower leg (the tibia).

    • Skin Cancer

      Detailed information on skin cancer, including causes, risk factors, prevention, types, and how to perform a skin self-examination

    • Sports Injuries

      Many sports injuries can be prevented with proper conditioning and training, wearing appropriate protective gear, and using proper equipment.

    • Staying Healthy After Menopause

      Good nutrition and regular exercise can help you stay healthy and youthful at this stage of life.

    • Stress Fractures

      Stress fractures are weak spots or small cracks in the bone caused by continuous overuse. They often occur in the foot after training for basketball, running, and other sports.

    • Surgical Treatment for Obesity

      Detailed information on obesity surgical treatment, including gastric bypass surgery, and gastric stapling surgery

    • Topic Index - Women's Health

      Detailed information on healthcare for women, including information on breast health, colorectal cancer, diabetes, gynecological concerns, heart attack, hysterectomy, infertility, menopause, mental health, osteoporosis, skin cancer, and urinary conditions

    • Treatment of Obesity

      Detailed information on obesity treatment, including obesity medical treatment, obesity surgical treatment, obesity gastric bypass (malabsorptive) surgery, and obesity gastric stapling (restrictive) surgery

    • Urinary Conditions

      Detailed information on the most common urinary conditions for women, including urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections, and interstitial cystitis

    • Urinary Incontinence

      Urinary incontinence (UI) is the loss of urine control. You may not being able to hold your urine until you can reach a restroom. It may be a short-term problem caused by another health issue. Or it may be a long-term problem that you’ll have to manage.

    • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

      Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections in any part of the urinary tract. They are a common health problem that affects millions of people each year. Women are especially prone to UTIs.

    • Vaginitis

      Vaginitis is a common problem for women of all ages. Bacteria, yeast, viruses, and chemicals in creams or sprays can cause it.

    • Vulvitis

      Vulvitis is inflammation of the soft folds of skin outside the vagina.

    • Watch Your Weight

      If your weight is not in the healthy range for your height and build, the best way to lose weight is to set a reasonable goal and lose it slowly and gradually.

    • Women's Healthcare Guidelines

      Get regular checkups, preventive exams, and immunizations. Learn about disease prevention and ask your healthcare provider for specific information regarding your needs.