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Diseases & Conditions : Travel Medicine

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    • African Sleeping Sickness

      African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) is a disease caused by a parasite. It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly.

    • After You Return

      Detailed information on health considerations after returning home from traveling abroad

    • Air Travel

      Detailed information on healthy considerations for air travel, including ways to prevent motion sickness and jet lag

    • Cholera in Children

      Cholera is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. You can get cholera if you eat food or drink water that is contaminated with the bacteria.

    • Common Health Problems Associated With Travel in Developing Countries

      Detailed information on common health problems associated with travel in developing countries

    • Cruise Ships

      Detailed information on traveling healthy while on cruise ships

    • Cryptosporidiosis

      Cryptosporidiosis is an infection that causes diarrhea. It is sometimes called Crypto. It is caused by a parasite found in stool.

    • Dengue Fever

      Dengue (pronounced DEN-gee) fever is a viral disease. It is transmitted by mosquitoes mainly in tropical and subtropical areas of the world.

    • Diarrhea

      Diarrhea is when your stools are loose and watery. You may also need to go to the bathroom more often.

    • Diarrheal Diseases

      Detailed information on the most common types of diarrheal diseases, including cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea, salmonella infection, and giardiasis

    • Emerging Infectious Diseases

      Detailed information on emerging infectious diseases and how travelers can reduce their risk of infectious diseases

    • Escherichia coli O157:H7

      Detailed information on E. coli, including symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and prevention

    • Fish and Shellfish Poisoning

      At certain times of the year, various species of fish and shellfish contain toxins, even if well cooked. The most common type of fish poisoning in travelers is ciguatera fish poisoning.

    • Giardiasis

      Giardiasis is an infection caused by a parasite called Giardia. It causes diarrhea.

    • Glossary - Travel Medicine

      Glossary of terms relating to travel medicine

    • High-Risk Diseases for Travelers

      Detailed information on the most common high risk diseases for travelers, including African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness), mad cow disease, HIV, AIDS, cholera, e. coli, dengue fever, diarrheal disease, cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's

    • HIV and AIDS

      AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, which kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers.

    • Home Page - Travel Medicine

      Detailed information on the most common high risk diseases for travelers, including African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness), mad cow disease, HIV, AIDS, cholera, e. coli, dengue fever, diarrheal disease, cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's

    • Influenza (Flu)

      Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory tract infection that spreads easily. It is caused by a virus.

    • Lyme Disease

      Detailed information on Lyme disease, including ticks that transmit Lyme disease, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

    • Mad Cow Disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)

      BSE is a cattle disease, and vCJD is the equivalent disease in humans. Both are fatal brain diseases. Researchers believe that people become infected by eating beef contaminated with BSE.

    • Malaria

      Malaria is caused by a parasite. It is passed to humans by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito.

    • Medical Information for Americans Traveling Abroad

      Detailed medical information for Americans traveling abroad

    • Meningitis

      Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain. Meningitis can be caused by either a virus or bacteria. Bacterial meningitis may be life-threatening.

    • Online Resources - Travel Medicine

      List of online resources to find additional information on travel medicine

    • Planning To Travel

      Detailed information on travel and planning to travel

    • Rabies

      Detailed information on the danger of animal bites and rabies, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

    • Safety While Traveling Abroad

      Detailed safety information for travelers

    • Salmonella Infections

      Salmonella is caused by the bacteria salmonella. Salmonella is a group of bacteria that can cause diarrhea in humans. There are many different kinds of salmonella bacteria.

    • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

      Detailed information on SARS, including symptoms, prevention, and treatment

    • Special Vaccine Requirements

      Review your immunization history with your healthcare provider and be sure that children over the age of 2 are on schedule with their vaccine series.

    • Staying Healthy While You Travel

      Detailed information on health preparations before you travel and during travel

    • Topic Index - Travel Medicine

      Detailed information on the most common high risk diseases for travelers, including African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness), mad cow disease, HIV, AIDS, cholera, e. coli, dengue fever, diarrheal disease, cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's

    • Traveler's Checklist

      Detailed checklist for travelers to ensure a safe and healthy trip

    • Traveler's Diarrhea

      Diarrhea is the term for bowel movements that are loose or watery. Traveler's diarrhea occurs within 10 days of travel to an area with poor public hygiene. It’s the most common illness in travelers.

    • Traveler's First-Aid Kit

      Detailed list of what a traveler's first-aid kit should include

    • Traveling While Pregnant or Breastfeeding

      Detailed information on traveling while pregnant or breastfeeding

    • Traveling With Children

      Detailed information on traveling with children

    • Traveling with Chronic Conditions

      See your healthcare provider as early as possible before you leave on your trip. Discuss any risks that may be involved and plan for immunizations, medicine, and medical devices you may need while you're away.

    • Traveling with Diabetes

      Detailed information on traveling with diabetes

    • Traveling with HIV

      Detailed information on traveling with HIV

    • Traveling With Special Needs

      Detailed information for travelers with special needs

    • Tuberculosis (TB)

      Tuberculosis, or TB, can be a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs. Other organs, such as the kidneys, spine, or brain may also be involved.

    • Types of Arbovirus Encephalitis

      Detailed information on the most common types of encephalitis, including Japanese encephalitis, tickborne encephalitis, and arbovirus encephalitis

    • Typhoid Fever

      Typhoid fever is a serious infection caused by bacteria. You can get the disease by eating food or drinking water that is contaminated with the bacteria.

    • Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

      Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are illnesses caused by several types of viruses. Some of these viruses cause mild illness. Many others lead to life-threatening diseases with no known cures. One of the best known of this group is the Ebola virus.

    • What To Do If You Get Sick While Traveling

      Detailed information on how to respond if you become ill or injured while traveling

    • What Vaccines Should You and Your Family Have?

      Specific vaccine recommendations vary depending on your age, where you live, and the risk factors you have.

    • Yellow Fever

      Yellow fever is a rare viral disease caused by the bite of a mosquito.  It is found mainly in certain areas of Africa and in South America.