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Diseases & conditions : Otolaryngology


    • Acoustic Neuroma

      Acoustic neuroma is a rare noncancerous tumor. It grows slowly from an overproduction of Schwann cells and is also called a vestibular schwannoma. The tumor then presses on the hearing and balance nerves in the inner ear. Schwann cells normally wrap around and support nerve fibers. A large tumor can press on the facial nerve or brain structures.

    • Age-Related Hearing Loss (Presbycusis)

      Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is the gradual loss of hearing in both ears. It’s a common problem linked to aging.

    • Aphasia

      Aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage in a specific area of the brain that controls language expression and comprehension. Aphasia leaves a person unable to communicate effectively with others.

    • Audiology

      Audiologists address hearing and balance problems in people of all ages. They also help with the fitting and management of hearing aids.

    • Balance Disorders

      Detailed information on balance disorders, including acoustic neurinoma and Ménière's disease

    • Deviated Septum

      A wall of cartilage divides the nose into 2 separate chambers. It’s called the nasal septum. A deviated septum is when this wall is shifted away from the midline. This may cause congestion, problems with breathing, or nasal discharge.

    • Ear Infections

      Detailed information on ear infections, including otitis externa (swimmer's ear) and otitis media

    • Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

      Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders, including hearing disorders, balance disorders, smell disorders, taste disorders, chemosensory disorders, speech disorders, voice disorders, language disorders, vocal cord disorders, and laryngeal cancer.

    • Ear, Nose, and Throat Facts

      The ear consists of three areas—the outer, middle, and inner ear. The nose is the organ of smell and is part of the peripheral nervous system. The throat is a ring-like muscular tube that acts as the passageway for air, food, and liquid.

    • Ears and Airplane Travel, Ear Wax, and Ear Cleaning

      Detailed information on ears and airplane travel, ear wax, and ear cleaning

    • Glossary - Otolaryngology

      Glossary of terms relating to ear, nose, and throat disorders for patients and consumers

    • Hearing Aids

      Hearing aids are electronic or battery-operated devices that can amplify and change sound. A microphone receives the sound and converts it into sound waves. The sound waves are then converted into electrical signals.

    • Hearing and Speech Communication Services and Devices

      In addition to hearing aids, many other devices are available to help improve communication in daily life. These range from telephone amplifiers to visual alarm systems.

    • Hearing Disorders

      Detailed information on the most common types of hearing disorders, including hearing loss, presbycusis, tinnitus, usher syndrome, and noise-induced hearing loss

    • Hearing Loss

      In some people, hearing loss can be surgically corrected. For others, medical devices and rehabilitation therapies often can help reduce hearing loss.

    • Home Page - Otolaryngology

      Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders, including hearing disorders, balance disorders, smell disorders, taste disorders, chemosensory disorders, speech disorders, voice disorders, language disorders, vocal cord disorders, and laryngeal c

    • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

      Detailed information on Landau-Kleffner syndrome, including signs, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Language Disorders

      Detailed information on the most common types of language disorders, including aphasia and Landau-Kleffner syndrome

    • Laryngeal Cancer: Treatment Questions

      Talking with healthcare providers about cancer can be overwhelming. It helps to be prepared. Make a list of questions and bring them to your appointments. Read on for helpful questions to get you started.

    • Ménière Disease

      Ménière disease is a balance disorder. It’s caused by an abnormality in part the inner ear called the labyrinth. Fluid build-up here can cause a severe spinning sensation (vertigo) and affect the hearing.

    • Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Children

      Your child’s inner ears may be damaged if he or she is around extremely loud noises or around loud noises for long periods of time. This is called noise-induced hearing loss.

    • Online Resources - Otolaryngology

      List of online resources to find additional information on ear, nose, and throat disorders

    • Other Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

      Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders, including Bell's palsy, deviated septum, sinusitis, snoring, tonsillitis, and ear infections

    • Otitis Externa

      Detailed information on otitis external (swimmer's ear), including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

    • Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection) in Adults

      Otitis media is infection or inflammation in the middle ear. Most kids have at least one ear infection by the time they are 3 years old. But, adults can also get ear infections.

    • Otolaryngology

      Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that focuses on medical and surgical treatment for patients who have disorders of the ear, nose, throat, and related structures.

    • Sinusitis

      Sinusitis is an infection of the lining of the sinuses near the nose. These infections most often happen after a cold or after an allergy flare-up.

    • Smell and Taste Disorders

      Smell and taste disorders may include loss of smell or taste or reduced ability to smell or taste. It can be caused by certain underlying conditions or illness, medicines, and dental problems. Some people are born with these disorders.

    • Snoring

      Detailed information on snoring, including causes, prevention, and treatment

    • Spasmodic Dysphonia

      Spasmodic dysphonia is a voice disorder. It causes involuntary spasms in the muscles of the voice box or larynx.  This causes the voice to break, and have a tight, strained, or strangled sound.

    • Speech and Voice Disorders

      Detailed information on speech and voice disorders, including spasmodic dysphonia and stuttering

    • Stuttering in Children

      Stuttering is a speech problem. The normal flow of speech is disrupted. A child who stutters repeats or prolongs sounds, syllables, or words. Stuttering is different from repeating words when learning to speak. Stuttering may make it difficult for a child to communicate with others.

    • Tinnitus

      Tinnitus is the sound of ringing, roaring, buzzing, hissing, or clicking that happens inside the head. The sounds may come and go, be continuous, happen in one or both ears, and vary in pitch.

    • Tonsillitis

      Tonsillitis means that your tonsils are inflamed. Your tonsils are large, fleshy glands at the back of your throat. These glands make antibodies that help fight infection.

    • Topic Index - Otolaryngology

      Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders

    • Usher Syndrome in Children

      Usher syndrome is a disorder that is passed down through families (inherited). A syndrome is a group of symptoms that happen together. Usher syndrome involves both hearing loss and vision loss. The hearing loss may be mild to complete.

    • Vocal Cord Disorders

      The vocal cords (also called vocal folds) are 2 bands of smooth muscle tissue found in the larynx (voice box). The larynx is set in the neck at the top of the trachea (windpipe). The vocal cords vibrate and air passes through the cords from the lungs to produce the sound of your voice. The sound is then sent through the throat, nose, and mouth, giving the sound "resonance." The sound of each person's voice is determined by the size and shape of the vocal cords and the size and shape of the th