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Diseases & Conditions : Orthopaedic Disorders


    • Arthritis

      Arthritis and other rheumatic diseases are characterized by pain, swelling, and limited movement in joints and connective tissues in the body.

    • Arthroscopy

      Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.

    • Bursitis

      A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that cushions a joint. When a bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is known as bursitis.

    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

      Women develop carpal tunnel syndrome three times more frequently than men. It usually occurs only in adults.

    • Common Orthopedic Disorders

      Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

    • Cryotherapy (Cold Therapy) for Pain Management

      When used to treat injuries at home, cryotherapy refers to cold therapy with ice or gel packs that are usually kept in the freezer until needed. These remain one of the simplest, time-tested remedies for managing pain and swelling.

    • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

      Cubital tunnel syndrome feels similar to the pain that occurs from hitting the "funny" bone in your elbow. The condition may occur if you frequently bend your elbows, constantly lean on your elbows, or sustain a direct injury to the area.

    • Elbow Pain and Problems

      Detailed information on elbow pain and problems

    • Epidural Corticosteroid Injections

      If you are experiencing intense, intractable pain in your legs or arms from inflamed spinal nerves, then an epidural steroid injection might be the preferred treatment to quickly give you relief.

    • Evaluation Procedures

      To help the orthopedist determine your treatment, you'll need a physical exam, a medical history profile, and a description of symptoms.

    • Exercise and the Aging Person

      Exercise is good for people of all ages. It helps lower blood pressure, reduces the risks for falls and serious injuries, and slows the body's loss of muscle and bone mass.

    • Exercise: The Right Program and the Right Preparation

      You don't have to exercise for long periods of time—or even vigorously—to become fit. You do need to aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week.

    • Fibromyalgia

      Detailed information on fibromyalgia, including cause, triggers, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Foot Pain and Problems

      Foot pain is often caused by improper foot function. Improperly fitted shoes can worsen and, in some cases, cause foot problems.

    • Fractures

      A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture occurs, it is classified as either open or closed.

    • Glossary - Orthopedic Surgery

      Glossary of terms relating to orthopedics

    • Hand Pain and Problems

      Common hand problems include arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and ganglion cysts.

    • Hip Fracture

      A hip fracture is classified by the specific area of the break and the type of break(s) in the bone. It is a serious injury and requires immediate medical attention.

    • Hip Replacement Surgery

      This surgery may be considered as treatment after a hip fracture or for someone who has severe arthritis.

    • Home Page - Orthopedic Surgery

      Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

    • Ice Packs vs. Warm Compresses For Pain

      It can sometimes be confusing whether to use heat or cold when treating sore muscles or an injury. Here are facts to keep in mind.

    • Injectable Corticosteroids

      Corticosteroid injections can treat a variety of skeletal, muscular, and spinal conditions. Some of these injections can be done by your health care provider during a routine clinic visit; others require a referral to a pain specialist.

    • Joint Replacement Surgery

      Joint replacement is a surgical procedure to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis.

    • Knee Pain and Problems

      Common knee problems include sprains, strains, torn cartilage, and arthritis.

    • Knee Replacement Surgery

      When a knee is severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered.

    • Kyphosis

      Kyphosis is a forward curvature of the spine. It is a type of spinal deformity and should not be confused with poor posture.

    • Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)

      The pain of tennis elbow is caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist backward away from the palm.

    • Ligament Injuries to the Knee

      The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common ligaments to be injured. Learn about the four major ligaments of the knee.

    • Low Back Pain

      Low back pain can range from mild, dull, and annoying to persistent, severe, and disabling pain. Pain in the lower back can restrict mobility and interfere with normal functioning.

    • Lumbar Strain (Weight Lifter's Back)

      A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back, which results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore.

    • Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's and Baseball Elbow)

      Other activities that can cause this condition include carrying a heavy suitcase, chopping wood, and using a chainsaw.

    • Neck Pain and Problems

      Neck pain can result from many different causes—injury to muscles, tendons, or ligaments; arthritis; a herniated disc; or a tumor.

    • Online Resources - Orthopedic Surgery

      List of online resources to find additional information on orthopedics

    • Osteoarthritis

      Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is a chronic, degenerative, joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults.

    • Osteoporosis

      Osteoporosis causes a loss of bone mass and destruction of bone tissue. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.

    • Overview of Sports Injuries
    • Paget's Disease of the Bone

      Paget's disease is the most common bone disorder after osteoporosis in people older than 50.

    • Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper's Knee)

      Jumper's knee is also known as patellar tendonitis. It may be caused by overuse of the knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces.

    • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

      Runner's knee occurs when the kneecap rubs against the thighbone as it moves. The condition can be caused by a structural defect or a certain way of walking or running.

    • Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps

      Patient-controlled analgesia is a method of pain management that allows you to decide when you will get a dose of pain medication. You don’t need to wait for a nurse, and you can get smaller doses of pain medicine more frequently.

    • Preventing Sports Injuries

      Good preventive steps: Warm up before you work out, alternate days for exercising certain muscle groups, and cool down when you're done.

    • Rheumatoid Arthritis

      Detailed information on rheumatoid arthritis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Scoliosis

      A spine affected by scoliosis shows a sideways curvature and a rotation of the vertebrae, giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side.

    • Shin Splints

      Shin splints involve damage to one of two groups of muscles along the shin bone that cause pain. The location of the shin splint pain depends on which group of muscles is damaged.

    • Shoulder Pain and Problems

      Detailed information on shoulder pain and the most common types of shoulder problems

    • Soft-Tissue Injuries

      Detailed information on the most common types of soft-tissue injuries

    • Sports and Fractures

      Stress fractures are weak spots or small cracks in the bone caused by continuous overuse. They often occur in the foot after training for basketball, running, and other sports.

    • Sports Injuries

      Many sports injuries can be prevented with proper conditioning and training, wearing appropriate protective gear, and using proper equipment.

    • Sympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain

      This therapy targets the sympathetic nervous system, a series of nerves that spread out from your spine to your body to help control several body functions, including blood flow.

    • The Orthopedic Treatment Team

      Members of your treatment team may include an orthopedic surgeon, a rheumatologist, and a physical therapist.

    • Topic Index - Orthopedic Disorders

      Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

    • Torn Meniscus

      Meniscus tears can occur during a rotating movement while bearing weight, such as when twisting the upper leg while the foot stays in one place during sports and other activities.

    • Treatment for Arthritis

      Detailed information on the most common treatments used for arthritis

    • Treatment Plans

      For most orthopedic disorders and injuries, more than one form of treatment may be appropriate.