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Diseases & Conditions : Orthopaedic Disorders

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    • Arthritis

      Arthritis and other rheumatic diseases are common conditions that cause pain, swelling, and limited movement. They affect joints and connective tissues around the body. Millions of people in the U.S. have some form of arthritis.

    • Arthroscopy

      Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.

    • Bursitis

      Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that cushions and reduces friction between tissues of the body. The major bursae (plural of bursa) are found near the tendons and large joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees.

    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

      Women develop carpal tunnel syndrome three times more frequently than men. It usually occurs only in adults.

    • Common Orthopedic Disorders

      Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

    • Cryotherapy (Cold Therapy) for Pain Management

      When used to treat injuries at home, cryotherapy refers to cold therapy with ice or gel packs that are usually kept in the freezer until needed. These remain one of the simplest, time-tested remedies for managing pain and swelling.

    • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

      Cubital tunnel syndrome happens when the ulnar nerve, which passes through the inside of the elbow, is injured and becomes inflamed, swollen, and irritated.The pain of cubital tunnel syndrome feels like the pain you feel when you hit your "funny bone."

    • Elbow Pain and Problems

      Detailed information on elbow pain and problems

    • Epidural Corticosteroid Injections

      In the simplest of terms, an epidural corticosteroid (steroid) injection is a way to deliver pain medicine quickly into the body with a syringe.

    • Evaluation Procedures for Orthopedic Problems

      To help the orthopedist determine your treatment, you'll need a physical exam, a medical history profile, and a description of symptoms.

    • Exercise and the Older Adult

      Exercise is good for people of all ages. It helps lower blood pressure, reduces the risks for falls and serious injuries, and slows the body's loss of muscle and bone mass.

    • Exercise: The Right Program and the Right Preparation

      You don't have to exercise for long periods of time—or even vigorously—to become fit. You do need to aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week.

    • Fibromyalgia

      Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes pain in muscles and soft tissues all over the body. It is an ongoing (chronic) condition. It can affect your neck, shoulders, back, chest, hips, buttocks, arms and legs.

    • Foot Pain and Problems

      Foot pain is often caused by improper foot function. Improperly fitted shoes can worsen and, in some cases, cause foot problems.

    • Fractures

      A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone.

    • Glossary - Orthopedic Surgery

      Glossary of terms relating to orthopedics

    • Hand Pain and Problems

      Common hand problems include arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and ganglion cysts.

    • Hip Fracture

      A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The majority happen to people older than 60 years of age, and women get more hip fractures than men.

    • Hip Replacement Surgery

      This surgery may be considered as treatment after a hip fracture or for someone who has severe arthritis.

    • Home Page - Orthopedic Surgery
    • Ice Packs vs. Warm Compresses For Pain

      It can sometimes be confusing whether to use heat or cold when treating sore muscles or an injury. Here are facts to keep in mind.

    • Injectable Corticosteroids

      Corticosteroid injections can treat a variety of skeletal, muscular, and spinal conditions. Some of these injections can be done by your health care provider during a routine clinic visit; others require a referral to a pain specialist.

    • Joint Replacement Surgery

      Joint replacement is a surgical procedure to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis.

    • Knee Pain and Problems

      Common knee problems include sprains, strains, torn cartilage, and arthritis.

    • Knee Replacement Surgery

      When a knee is severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered.

    • Kyphosis

      A spine affected by kyphosis has a forward curvature of the back bones (vertebrae) in the upper back area, giving an abnormally rounded or "humpback" appearance.

    • Ligament Injuries to the Knee

      The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common ligaments to be injured. Learn about the four major ligaments of the knee.

    • Low Back Pain

      Everyone has experienced low back pain at one time or another. Most people can recover from low back pain with home treatment such as activity modification, weight loss, quitting smoking and other steps. Sometimes medication or surgery is needed.

    • Lumbar Strain

      A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back. This results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore.

    • Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's and Baseball Elbow)

      Other activities that can cause this condition include carrying a heavy suitcase, chopping wood, and using a chainsaw.

    • Neck Pain

      Your neck is at risk for injury because of its location and range-of-motion. Neck pain can be caused by injury, age, or inflammatory disorders.

    • Online Resources - Orthopedic Surgery

      List of online resources to find additional information on orthopedics

    • Orthopedic Treatment Team

      Members of your treatment team may include an orthopedic surgeon, a rheumatologist, and a physical therapist.

    • Osteoarthritis

      Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is a chronic degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis causes the breakdown of joint cartilage. It can occur in any joint, but it most often affects the hands, knees, hips, or spine.

    • Osteoporosis

      Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones. This leaves the bones at greater risk of breaking. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.

    • Overview of Sports Injuries
    • Paget Disease of the Bone

      Paget disease of the bone is a chronic bone disorder. It causes bones to become enlarged and deformed. Bone may become dense, but fragile, because of excessive breakdown and deformation of bone. The disease is the most common bone disorder after osteoporosis in people over age 50.

    • Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper's Knee)

      Jumper’s knee is caused by overuse of your knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces. It’s usually a sports-related injury, linked to leg muscle contraction and the force of hitting the ground.

    • Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps

      Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a type of pain management that allows you to decide when you will get a dose of pain medicine. You don’t need to wait for a nurse, and you can get smaller doses of pain medicine more often.

    • Preventing Sports Injuries

      Good preventive steps: Warm up before you work out, alternate days for exercising certain muscle groups, and cool down when you're done.

    • Rheumatoid Arthritis

      Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term (chronic) disease that causes inflammation of the joints. The inflammation can be so severe that it affects how the joints and other parts of the body look and function.

    • Runner’s Knee

      Runner's knee means that you have dull pain around the front of the knee (patella). This is where the knee connects with the lower end of the thighbone (femur).

    • Scoliosis

      A spine affected by scoliosis shows a sideways curvature and a rotation of the vertebrae, giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side.

    • Shin Splints

      Shin splints refers to pain and tenderness along or just behind the large bone in the lower leg (the tibia).

    • Shoulder Pain and Problems

      Detailed information on shoulder pain and the most common types of shoulder problems

    • Soft-Tissue Injuries

      Detailed information on the most common types of soft-tissue injuries

    • Sports Injuries

      Many sports injuries can be prevented with proper conditioning and training, wearing appropriate protective gear, and using proper equipment.

    • Stress Fractures

      Stress fractures are weak spots or small cracks in the bone caused by continuous overuse. They often occur in the foot after training for basketball, running, and other sports.

    • Sympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain

      This therapy targets the sympathetic nervous system, a series of nerves that spread out from your spine to your body to help control several body functions, including blood flow.

    • Tennis Elbow

      Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is swelling of the tendons that bend your wrist backward away from your palm. It often develops from the force of the tennis racket hitting balls in the backhand position. It can also develop from other repetitive movements.

    • Topic Index - Orthopedic Disorders

      Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

    • Torn Meniscus

      Between the bones of the knees are two crescent-shaped discs of connective tissue, called menisci, which also act as shock absorbers to cushion the lower part of the leg from the weight of the rest of the body. Meniscus tears can happen when twisting while bearing weight.

    • Treatment for Arthritis

      Detailed information on the most common treatments used for arthritis

    • Treatment Plans

      For most orthopedic disorders and injuries, more than one form of treatment may be appropriate.