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Diseases & Conditions : Infectious Diseases

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    • Chickenpox

      Chickenpox is a common childhood disease that causes an itchy, blistering rash and is easily spread to others.

    • Childhood Immunizations

      Your little one will need several immunization shots to help protect her from several childhood diseases, some of which can be deadly. Knowing which shots she needs, when, and what to do in the event of a minor reaction is important.

    • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

      Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition characterized by profound tiredness, regardless of bed rest.

    • Common Cold

      The common cold leads to more health care provider visits and absences from school and work than any other illness each year. It is caused by a virus and is easily spread to others. It’s not caused by cold weather.

    • Common Infectious Diseases

      Detailed information on the most common infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, chickenpox, chronic fatigue syndrome, common cold, diphtheria, E. coli, giardiasis, infectious mononucleosis, influenza (flu), lyme disease, malaria, measles, meningitis, mum

    • Dealing with Discrimination When You Have HIV

      We've come a long way in our understanding of HIV and AIDS. But there is still discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS.

    • Diphtheria

      Detailed information on diphtheria, including symptoms, transmission, treatment, and prevention

    • Escherichia coli O157:H7

      Detailed information on E. coli, including symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and prevention

    • Gangrene

      Gangrene happens when blood flow to tissues is cut off. This causes the tissue to die.

    • Giardiasis

      Giardiasis is an infection caused by a parasite called Giardia. It causes diarrhea.

    • Glossary - Infectious Diseases

      Glossary of terms relating to infectious diseases

    • Handwashing

      At home or work, it's important to wash your hands often—and properly. Read on to learn how.

    • HIV and AIDS

      AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, which kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers.

    • HIV and Dementia

      HIV affects the brain and nervous system and can cause dementia.

    • HIV/AIDS and Skin Conditions

      Skin conditions are common in people with HIV/AIDS. Many are caused by germs that take advantage of a weakened immune system.

    • Home Page - Infectious Diseases
    • Immune System

      The immune system works to keep germs out of the body and destroy any that get in. It is made up of a complex network of cells and organs.

    • Infectious Diseases on the Job

      Detailed information on infectious diseases on the job

    • Infectious Mononucleosis

      Infectious mononucleosis is characterized by swollen lymph glands, fever, sore throat, and chronic fatigue.

    • Influenza (Flu)

      Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory tract infection that spreads easily. It is caused by a virus.

    • Lyme Disease

      Detailed information on Lyme disease, including ticks that transmit Lyme disease, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

    • Malaria

      Malaria is caused by a parasite. It is passed to humans by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito.

    • Measles

      Detailed information on measles, including symptoms, complications, prevention, and treatment

    • Meningitis

      Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain. Meningitis can be caused by either a virus or bacteria. Bacterial meningitis may be life-threatening.

    • Mumps in Adults

      Detailed information on mumps, including symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment

    • Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection

      A necrotizing soft tissue infection causes patches of tissue to die. It is a very serious and life-threatening condition requiring immediate medical care.

    • Online Resources - Infectious Diseases

      List of online resources to find additional information on infectious diseases

    • Pets and Infectious Diseases

      Detailed information on pets and infectious diseases

    • Pneumocystis Pneumonia or PCP

      Pneumocystis pneumonia or PCP is a fungal infection in one or both lungs. It is common in people who have a weak immune system, such as people who have AIDS.

    • Pneumonia

      Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection or inflammation in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.

    • Polio (Poliomyelitis)

      Poliomyelitis, commonly called polio, is an infectious disease. It is caused by 3 types of poliovirus. Polio is easily spread from person to person. The poliovirus is a virus that causes paralysis. But, most people who are infected with polio have no symptoms and a few have mild symptoms.

    • Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS

      Opportunistic infections that other people might fight off easily could make you really sick if you have HIV. Getting one or more of these opportunistic infections could mean that your HIV has advanced to AIDS.

    • Prevention of Infectious Diseases

      Detailed information on prevention of infectious diseases

    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

      Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an infection caused by the bite of an infected tick.

    • Rubella (German Measles)

      Rubella, sometimes called German measles, is a viral infection. It usually causes a mild illness in children. Adults have a slightly more severe illness.

    • Salmonella Infections

      Salmonella is caused by the bacteria salmonella. Salmonella is a group of bacteria that can cause diarrhea in humans. There are many different kinds of salmonella bacteria.

    • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

      Detailed information on SARS, including symptoms, prevention, and treatment

    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

      Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

    • Shingles

      Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a common infection of the nerves that is caused by a virus. It causes a painful rash or small blisters on an area of skin.

    • Statistics of Infectious Disease

      Statistics relating to infectious disease

    • Tetanus

      Tetanus is a sometimes fatal disease of the central nervous system. It’s caused by the toxin of the tetanus bacterium. The bacterium usually enters the body through an open wound. Tetanus bacteria live in soil and manure.

    • Topic Index - Infectious Diseases

      Detailed information on the most common infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, chickenpox, chronic fatigue syndrome, common cold, diphtheria, E. coli, giardiasis, infectious mononucleosis, influenza (flu), lyme disease, malaria, measles, meningitis, mum

    • Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

      Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a cluster of symptoms that involve many systems of the body. Certain bacterial infections release toxins into the blood stream. These then spread the toxins to many body organs. This can cause severe damage and illness.

    • Tuberculosis (TB)

      Tuberculosis, or TB, can be a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs. Other organs, such as the kidneys, spine, or brain may also be involved.

    • Viral Hepatitis Overview

      Detailed information on the different types of hepatitis, including viral hepatitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C

    • West Nile Virus

      The West Nile virus is spread by mosquitoes. The West Nile virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses, and some other mammals. West Nile virus is spread to humans through the bite of an infected female mosquito. 

    • When You’re HIV-Positive: What to Say

      You will need to decide who to tell about your HIV status, and how to tell them. In some cases, you may be required to tell. In other cases it may be best to keep it to yourself.

    • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Adults

      Detailed information on whooping cough, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention