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Diseases & Conditions : Gynecological Health

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    • Amenorrhea

      Amenorrhea means you haven't had your period for more than 3 cycles. It can be caused by a variety of things including overexercising, being overweight, or due to an ovulation problem.

    • Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

      The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

    • Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome)

      The risk for ovarian cancer and skin cancer is increased with basal cell nevus syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.

    • Cancer Treatment: Overview

      Detailed information on the most common types of cancer treatment, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

    • Cervical Cancer: Introduction

      Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.

    • Cervicitis

      Cervicitis is irritation or infection of the cervix. It can be caused by a number of different sexually transmitted diseases.

    • Chemotherapy

      Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers

    • Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview

      Detailed information on the most common diagnostic procedures for cancer

    • Dysmenorrhea

      Dysmenorrhea causes severe cramps and pain during a woman's period. It can start with your first period, or begin later in life. It can be related to an underlying conditions such as endometriosis.

    • Endometrial Cancer: Diagnosis

      Cancer of the endometrium is a disease in which cancerous cells are found in the lining of the uterus. It is highly curable when found early.

    • Endometriosis

      The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus.This can cause pain, heavy periods, and infertility.

    • Estrogen's Effects on the Female Body

      In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen affects the reproductive tract, the urinary tract, the heart and blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles, and the brain.

    • General Information About Cancer: Overview

      Detailed information on cancer, including cancer diagnosis, cancer staging, cancer grading, cancer treatment, cancer surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

    • Genetics of Ovarian Cancer

      Detailed information on the genetics of ovarian cancer, including hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, ovarian cancer and hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, and basal cell nevus syndrome (Gorlin syndrome)

    • Glossary - Gynecological Health

      Glossary of terms relating to gynecological health

    • Grading and Staging of Cancer

      Grading and staging cancer helps determine the best treatment.

    • Gynecological Cancers

      Detailed information on the most common types of gynecological cancers, including symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Gynecological Conditions

      Detailed information on the most common gynecological conditions

    • Gynecological Inflammations and Infections

      Detailed information on the most common gynecological inflammations and infections, including vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease

    • Hereditary Breast Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (BRCA1 / BRCA2)

      A woman with this syndrome may develop breast cancer before age 50 and is at higher risk for developing cancer in both breasts or in both the breasts and ovaries.

    • Home Page - Gynecological Health

      Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

    • Hormone Therapy for Cancer

      Detailed information on hormone therapy as one type of cancer treatment

    • Hysterectomy

      Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time.

    • Immunotherapy/Biological Therapy

      Detailed information on biological therapy, also called immunotherapy, biological response modifier therapy, or biotherapy

    • Introduction to Menopause

      When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. This stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children.

    • Menopausal Hormone Therapy

      If you use or are considering using hormone therapy, discuss the possible benefits and risks with your health care provider.

    • Menopause

      Detailed information on menopause, including perimenopause, hormone replacement therapy, and staying healthy after menopause

    • Menorrhagia

      Menorrhagia is heavy or prolonged bleeding during your period. It can be caused by hormone problems or problems with the uterus. Medications or procedures to treat the uterus can help.

    • Menstrual Conditions

      Detailed information on the most common menstrual conditions, including premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and menorrhagia

    • Menstrual Cycle: An Overview

      A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation.

    • Online Resources - Gynecological Health

      List of online resources to find additional information on gynecological health

    • Ovarian Cancer as Part of Lynch Syndrome

      A woman with this type of hereditary colon cancer is at increased risk for ovarian cancer.

    • Ovarian Cancer: Tests After Diagnosis

      If initial tests and exams strongly suggest that you have ovarian cancer, you’ll likely have other tests. These tests help your healthcare providers learn more about your cancer.

    • Overview of Cancer

      Detailed information on cancer, including primary and metastatic cancers, and benign and malignant tumors

    • Pap Test

      A Pap test is a way for your doctor to examine cells collected from the cervix for infection, inflammation, or cancer.

    • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

      Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive tract. Scar tissue grows between internal organs leading to ongoing pelvic pain. It can also lead to ectopic pregnancy.

    • Pelvic Pain

      Pelvic pain is a challenging condition that can be due to many possible causes.

    • Perimenopause

      Perimenopause is the time around menopause when your body begins to change. You become less fertile and hormone levels fluctuate.

    • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

      People with this syndrome have dark moles around the mouth, nose, and eyes, as well as multiple polyps in the intestines.

    • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

      PCOS is a common hormone problem in women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS may not ovulate, and have abnormal hormone levels. They may experience missed or irregular periods, excess hair growth and weight gain around the belly.

    • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

      Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a much more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It may affect women who are able to get pregnant. It’s a severe and chronic medical condition that requires attention and treatment. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medications can help manage symptoms.

    • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

      Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of emotional and physical symptoms many women have in the days before their period starts. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medicines can help manage symptoms.

    • Radiation Therapy and Cancer Treatment

      Detailed information on radiation therapy, one type of cancer treatment.

    • Recognizing Gynecologic Problems

      Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle. If you notice anything different or unusual, talk with your health care provider.

    • Safer Sex Guidelines

      The only safe sex is no sex, most health care providers say. But certain precautions and safe behaviors can minimize a person's risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease.

    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

      Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

    • Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance

      Cancer of the endometrium is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs.

    • Staying Healthy After Menopause

      Good nutrition and regular exercise can help you stay healthy and youthful at this stage of life.

    • Surgery

      Detailed information the most common types of surgery to treat cancer, including biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, and excisional surgery

    • Topic Index - Gynecological Health

      Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

    • Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview

      The conventional, primary methods of treating cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy/biological therapy. Your healthcare provider will determine which treatment or treatments are best for you.

    • Uterine Cancer

      Cancer of the uterus usually occurs around the time menopause begins. The occasional reappearance of bleeding should not be considered simply part of menopause, but should be checked by a doctor.

    • Uterine Fibroids

      Uterine fibroids are tumors in a woman's uterus. They are usually not cancer.

    • Vaginal Cancer: Diagnosis

      Cancer of the vagina is rare. Certain factors thought to raise the risk for this type of cancer include advancing age, history of cervical cancer, and infection with the human papillomavirus.

    • Vaginitis

      Vaginitis is a common problem for women of all ages. Bacteria, yeast, viruses, and chemicals in creams or sprays can cause it.

    • Vulvar Cancer: Treatment Questions

      Nearly 90 percent of vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Melanoma is the second most common type of vulvar cancer.

    • Vulvitis

      Vulvitis is inflammation of the soft folds of skin outside the vagina.