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Diseases & Conditions : Breast Health


    • About Breast Cancer in Men

      Breast cancer in men is rare—less than 1% of all breast cancer occurs in men.

    • About Clinical Trials: Information from the National Cancer Institute

      Clinical trials are studies, managed by government agencies, educational institutions, private not-for-profit organizations, or commercial businesses. They develop and evaluate the effectiveness of new treatments and therapies for diseases.

    • About Tamoxifen

      Tamoxifen has been used to treat both advanced and early stage breast cancer. More recently, tamoxifen is being used as an additional therapy following primary treatment for early stage breast cancer.

    • About Taxol

      Taxol, or paclitaxel, is a drug used for treating certain women who have advanced breast or ovarian cancer. Paclitaxel is a compound that is extracted from the bark of the Pacific yew tree.

    • Anatomy of the Breasts

      Each breast has 15 to 20 sections (lobes), which are arranged like the petals of a daisy. Each lobe has many smaller lobules, which end in dozens of tiny bulbs that can produce milk.

    • Ataxia Telangiectasia (A-T)

      A-T is a rare childhood disease that affects the nervous system and other body systems.

    • Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (BCPT)

      BCPT was a clinical trial that studied tamoxifen as a prevention therapy for those at high risk for breast cancer. Data showed the results of tamoxifen treatment to be "highly significant," with a 49 percent reduction in the number of invasive breast cancers seen across all age groups.

    • Breast Cancer Statistics

      Breast cancer ranks second among cancer deaths in women after lung cancer.

    • Breast Cancer: Diagnosis

      It is important to remember that a lump or other changes in the breast, or an abnormal area on a mammogram, may be caused by cancer or by other, less serious problems.

    • Breast Cancer: Introduction

      Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women in the U.S. Once breast cancer occurs, cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body, making it life-threatening. The good news is that breast cancer is often found early, before it has spread.

    • Breast Cancer: Lymphedema After Treatment

      Whenever the normal drainage pattern in the lymph nodes is disturbed or damaged—often during surgery to remove the lymph nodes—the arm may swell. This swelling, caused by too much fluid, is called lymphedema.

    • Breast Cancer: Surgery

      Surgery to remove as much of the cancer as possible is the primary treatment for breast cancer. Today, women have many surgical options and choices.

    • Breast Health: Preventive Care

      To monitor your breast health, you should get a year clinical exam and mammograms as directed by your doctor.

    • Breast Infections and Inflammations

      The most common type of breast infection is lactational mastitis. This happens when a woman is breastfeeding. The nipples become cracked and sore, allowing bacteria from the baby's mouth to enter the ducts and rapidly multiply in the milk.

    • Breast Self-Awareness

      Your breasts change at different stages of your life. Breast self-awareness is knowing how your breasts normally look and feel. This can help you to find even small changes right away.

    • Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer Treatment

      Your oncologist will determine how long and how often you will have chemotherapy treatments. Chemotherapy can be administered intravenously or by pill, and is usually a combination of drugs.

    • Common Benign Lumps

      The two most common types of benign breast lumps are cysts and fibroadenomas. A cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops in the breast tissue. Fibroadenomas are solid, smooth, firm, benign lumps that are most commonly found in women in their late teens and early 20s.

    • Common Breast Conditions

      Detailed information on the most common breast conditions, including mastalgia (breast pain), benign breast lumps, fibrocystic breast changes, nipple problems, nipple discharge, breast infections, and breast inflammation

    • Cowden Syndrome

      The risk for breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, and thyroid cancer is increased with Cowden syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.

    • Diagnosing Benign (Noncancerous) Breast Conditions

      To diagnose a breast condition, your healthcare provider will examine your breasts and may order imaging tests or a biopsy.

    • Fibrocystic Breast Changes

      Fibrocystic breast changes are symptoms you may feel in your breasts right before your period. Learn what these common symptoms feel like, what causes them--and how to care for your breasts with breast self-awareness.

    • Frequently Asked Questions: Mammograms

      Timing your mammogram when your breasts are not tender is important. In premenopausal women, this is usually 1 week after a menstrual period.

    • General Information About Breast Cancer

      Ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma, and Paget's disease are several types of breast cancer.

    • Genetics of Breast Cancer

      Detailed information on the genetics of breast cancer, including information on hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome, brca1, brca2, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Cowden syndrome, and ataxia telangiectasia

    • Glossary - Breast Health

      Glossary of terms relating to breast health written for patients and consumers

    • Hereditary Breast Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (BRCA1 / BRCA2)

      A woman with this syndrome may develop breast cancer before age 50 and is at higher risk for developing cancer in both breasts or in both the breasts and ovaries.

    • Home Page - Breast Health

      Detailed information on breast health, anatomy of the breast, breast development, breast cancer prevention, common breast conditions, and breast cancer in males and females

    • Li-Fraumeni Syndrome

      Li-Fraumeni syndrome raises the risk for breast cancer and many other types of cancer.

    • Mammograms and Breast Health

      Detailed information on mammograms, including the different types, how a mammogram is done, and recommended screening guidelines

    • Mastalgia (Breast Pain)

      The most common type of breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle and is nearly always hormonal.

    • National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP)

      Detailed information on breast cancer clinical trials, including the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project

    • Nipple Problems and Discharge

      Nipple conditions are a common benign breast condition affecting many women. Some problems are related to lactation, and others are not.

    • Normal Breast Development and Changes

      Breast development happens in distinct stages, first before birth, and again at puberty and during the childbearing years. Changes also happen to the breasts during menstruation and when a woman reaches menopause.

    • Online Resources - Breast Health

      List of online resources to find additional information on breast health, including breast cancer

    • Other Treatments for Breast Cancer

      Other treatments for breast cancer include hormone therapy, used to prevent the growth, spread, and recurrence of the cancer, adjuvant therapy, and biological therapy.

    • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

      People with this syndrome have dark moles around the mouth, nose, and eyes, as well as multiple polyps in the intestines.

    • Post-Mastectomy

      Detailed information for women following a mastectomy, including breast reconstruction, lymphedema prevention, and breast prosthesis

    • Post-Mastectomy Prosthesis

      A prosthesis can be worn against the skin, inside the pocket of a mastectomy bra, or attached to the chest wall. Prosthetic devices are designed to look feminine and be comfortable.

    • Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer Treatment

      Radiation therapy is a process that precisely sends high levels of radiation directly to the cancer cells. Radiation done after surgery can kill cancer cells that may not be seen during surgery.

    • Risk Factors for Breast Cancer

      Factors that appear to raise a woman's risk for breast cancer include advancing age, family history, benign breast conditions, and a late menopause.

    • Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer

      Early breast cancer usually does not cause pain and may cause no symptoms at all.

    • Stages of Breast Cancer

      When breast cancer is diagnosed, your doctor will order tests to find out if the cancer has spread from the breast to other parts of the body. This is called staging and is an important step toward planning a treatment program.

    • Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR)

      STAR was a clinical trial of the drug raloxifene that included more than 19,000 postmenopausal women at increased risk for breast cancer. The results showed that raloxifene worked as well as tamoxifen at reducing breast cancer risk.

    • Topic Index - Breast Health

      Detailed information on breast health, anatomy of the breast, breast development, breast cancer prevention, common breast conditions, and breast cancer in males and females

    • Treatments for Breast Cancer

      Detailed information on breast cancer treatment, including surgery, breast reconstruction, lymphedema, breast prosthesis, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, Tamoxifen, and Taxol