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Tests & Procedures : Cardiovascular

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    • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

      Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is a procedure used to treat an aneurysm (abnormal enlargement) of the abdominal aorta, which may be performed surgically through an open incision or in a minimally-invasive procedure called endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).

    • Alcohol Septal Ablation

      Alcohol septal ablation is a minimally invasive procedure for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a condition in which your heart muscle is abnormally thick. The purpose of the procedure is to decrease your symptoms and to reduce future complications.

    • Amputation Procedure

      Amputation is the surgical removal of a leg or arm, or a part of one - such as a toe, finger, foot, or hand - usually as a result of injury, disease, or infection.

    • Ankle Brachial Index Test

      The ankle brachial index, or ABI, is a simple test that compares the blood pressure in the upper and lower limbs. It is one way to detect peripheral arterial disease.

    • Anomalous Coronary Artery Intervention

      Anomalous coronary artery intervention is a type of procedure to correct a problem coronary artery. An anomalous coronary artery has an abnormal shape. This can cause it to be blocked. During the procedure, the blocked part of the artery is opened up.

    • Aortic Valve Replacement: Minimally Invasive

      A minimally invasive aortic valve replacement is a surgery to replace a badly working aortic valve with an artificial valve. The aortic valve is one of the heart’s four valves. The valves help blood flow through the heart’s four chambers and out to your body normally. The surgery is called “minimally invasive” because it uses a smaller incision than a traditional open repair.

    • Aortic Valve Replacement: Open

      An open, invasive aortic valve replacement is a surgery to replace a poorly working aortic valve with an artificial valve. An open, invasive aortic valve replacement is a surgery to replace a poorly working aortic valve with an artificial valve. 

    • Arm Care After a Stroke

      Many people who have a stroke are left with problems with one of their arms. Proper arm care after a stroke can help treat these problems with your arm. It can also help prevent new problems from starting. Arm care after a stroke includes techniques such as proper positioning.

    • Atrial Fibrillation Ablation

      Atrial fibrillation ablation is a procedure to treat atrial fibrillation. It uses small burns or freezes to cause some scarring on the inside of the heart to help break up the electrical signals that cause irregular heartbeats. This can help the heart maintain a normal heart rhythm.

    • Atrial Fibrillation Surgery

      The Maze procedure is a type of heart surgery to treat atrial fibrillation.

    • Atrial Septal Defect Transcatheter Repair

      Atrial septal defect (ASD) transcatheter repair is a procedure to fix a hole in the atrial septum. Your child will not need an incision in the chest wall.

    • Blood Test

      Your doctor might order a blood test to find out if you are sick, if your body is responding to an allergy, or if you are at risk for certain health conditions.

    • Blood Transfusions in Children

      A blood transfusion is when blood is put into the body. During a blood transfusion, your child receives donated blood through one of his or her blood vessels.

    • Cardiac Catheterization

      Cardiac catheterization is a procedure in which a catheter is moved through a blood vessel to the heart in order to better diagnose coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, congestive heart failure and other heart conditions.

    • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

      Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a type of treatment to help correct serious heart rhythm problems. It involves placing a device under your skin that is connected to the heart's ventricles. The device sends electrical signals to help them pump the way they should.

    • Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting

      Angioplasty and stenting is a procedure to improve the blood flow in an artery or vein. It involves threading a thin tube with a balloon at its tip through the artery to the blocked portion. The balloon is inflated opening up the artery. A stent is placed to prop it open. A stent is a mesh tube.

    • Carotid Artery Duplex Scan

      A carotid artery duplex scan is used to assess blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries of the neck and/or the branches of the carotid artery.

    • Carotid Endarterectomy/Carotid Angioplasty with Stenting

      Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) may be performed to treat a blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries, thus improving blood supply to the brain. Carotid artery angioplasty with stenting (CAS) is a procedure currently being used on selected patients who are at high risk for surgery.

    • Catheter Ablation

      Also known as a cardiac ablation or radiofrequency ablation, this procedure guides a tube into your heart to destroy small areas of heart tissue that may be causing your abnormal heartbeat.

    • Chemical Cardioversion

      Cardioversion is a procedure used to return an abnormal heartbeat to a normal rhythm. This procedure is used when the heart is beating very fast or irregular. This is called an arrhythmia. In chemical cardioversion, medications are used to get the heart back to a normal rhythm. It is different from electrical cardioversion. This is where a low-energy shock is used to bring back a normal heart rhythm.

    • Chest X-ray

      A chest X-ray is used to examine the chest and the lungs and other organs and structures located in the chest.

    • Coarctation of the Aorta Transcatheter Repair

      Coarctation of the aorta is an abnormal narrowing of the aorta. The aorta is the large blood vessel that exits the heart. Transcatheter repair is a type of procedure that can treat the aorta without the need for open heart surgery.

    • Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Chest

      CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the organs of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems,and esophagus, for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.

    • Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA)

      CT angiography is a type of medical exam that combines a CT scan with an injection of a special dye to produce pictures of blood vessels and tissues in a part of your body.

    • Congenital Aortic Stenosis Surgery: Ross Procedure

      A Ross procedure is a type of surgery. It fixes a birth defect in the heart that involves the aortic valve.

    • Congenital Pulmonary Stenosis Balloon Valvuloplasty

      Congenital pulmonary stenosis is a health problem present from birth. It’s when the pulmonary valve in your heart doesn’t fully open. Congenital pulmonary stenosis balloon valvuloplasty is a type of procedure that aims to fix this problem. It does so without the need for open heart surgery.

    • Congenital Pulmonary Stenosis Surgery

      Congenital pulmonary stenosis is when the pulmonary valve doesn’t fully open. This health problem is present from birth. Congenital pulmonary stenosis surgery aims to fix this problem. It is a type of open heart surgery.

    • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)

      Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed to treat a blockage or narrowing of one or more of the coronary arteries, thus restoring the blood supply to the heart muscle.

    • Dobutamine Stress Echocardiogram

      A dobutamine stress echocardiogram is a diagnostic procedure in which an intravenous medication called dobutamine is used when an exercise stress test is not recommended. Dobutamine mimics the effects of exercise on the heart.

    • Double Outlet Right Ventricle Surgery

      Double outlet right ventricle surgery is a procedure that fixes a type of heart malformation called double outlet right ventricle (DORV).

    • DVT Prevention: Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Devices

      Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices are used to help prevent blood clots in the deep veins of the legs. The devices use cuffs around the legs that fill with air and squeeze your legs. This increases blood flow through the veins of your legs and helps prevent blood clots.

    • Echocardiogram

      An echocardiogram is a procedure in which ultrasonic sound waves are used to assess the heart's function and structures.

    • Electrical Cardioversion

      Cardioversion is a procedure used to return an abnormal heartbeat to a normal rhythm. This procedure is used when the heart is beating very fast or irregular. This is called an arrhythmia. Arrhythmias can cause problems such as fainting, stroke, heart attack and even sudden cardiac death. With electrical cardioversion, a low-energy shock is sent to the heart to reset a normal rhythm. It is different from chemical cardioversion, in which medications are us

    • Electrocardiogram

      An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a simple and fast procedure that is used to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart, which is measured in "waves." Variations in the waves may indicate problems with the heart.

    • Electrophysiological Studies

      When a problem develops with the heart’s rhythm, there may or may not be any symptoms. An electrophysiological study (EP study) is an invasive procedure that tests the heart's electrical system to determine the cause of the dysrhythmia.

    • Endovascular Repair of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

      Endovascular repair is a type of treatment for an abdominal aortic aneurysm, or AAA. This is a bulge in the wall of the large artery below your heart that is at risk for rupture. During the procedure, the weak section of the aorta is treated to prevent it from tearing.

    • Event Monitor

      An event monitor is a portable device used to record your heart’s electrical activity when you have symptoms. It records the same information as an electrocardiogram (EKG), but for longer durations of time. Most of these devices can transmit the recorded information directly to your healthcare provider. This allows him or her to analyze the electrical activity of your heart while you are having symptoms.

    • Exercise Echocardiogram

      An exercise echocardiogram is a procedure in which ultrasound, or sound wave technology, is used to asses the heart's response to stress or exercise.

    • Exercise Electrocardiogram

      An exercise ECG is a simple and fast procedure that is used to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart's response to stress or exercise.

    • Femoral Popliteal Bypass Surgery

      Femoral popliteal (also called femoropopliteal) bypass surgery is a surgical procedure that may be used to treat severe blockage due to plaque in the femoral artery. The femoral and popliteal arteries are located in the legs.

    • Heart Transplantation Procedure

      A heart transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove the diseased heart from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor.

    • Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery

      Heart valve repair or replacement surgery is a treatment option when the heart valves become damaged or diseased and do not function properly.

    • Holter Monitor

      When symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, low blood pressure, prolonged fatigue, and palpitations continue to occur without a definitive diagnosis obtained with a resting ECG, your physician may request an ECG tracing to be run over a long period of time, using a Holter monitor.

    • Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Insertion

      During this procedure, an electronic device is inserted into the chest to help regulate electrical problems with the heart by providing either anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) or shock therapy to prevent sudden cardiac arrest.

    • Implantable Device Replacement Procedure

      Pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are heart devices. They are surgically placed in people. Pacemakers are used to treat slow heart rhythms. ICDs stop dangerous, fast heart rhythms.

    • Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filter Placement

      An inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a small device that can stop blood clots from going up into the lungs. The inferior vena cava is a large vein in the middle of your body. The device is put in during a brief surgery.

    • Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Therapy

      An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a type of therapeutic device. It helps your heart pump more blood. You may need it if your heart is unable to pump enough blood for your body.

    • Laser Varicose Vein Surgery

      Sometimes your veins can become swollen and bulging. These are called varicose veins.

    • Lead Extraction

      Many people have surgically implanted cardiac devices. These devices include pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators or ICDs. Pacemakers can help treat slow heart rhythms, and ICDs stop dangerous rapid heart rhythms.

    • Loop Recorder Implantation

      An implantable loop recorder, or ILR, is a device that helps the heart. It has several uses. The most common ones include looking for causes of fainting, palpitations, very fast or slow heartbeats, and hidden rhythms that can cause strokes. During a loop recorder implantation, your heart health care provider (cardiologist) does a minor procedure. He or she places the machine under your skin, on your chest wall, a few inches below your collarbone. The mach

    • Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)

      Magnetic resonance angiography – also called a magnetic resonance angiogram or MRA – is a type of MRI that looks specifically at the body’s blood vessels.

    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Heart

      Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.

    • Mitral Valve Replacement: Open

      An open mitral valve replacement is a surgery to replace a poorly working mitral valve with an artificial valve. The mitral valve, one of the heart’s four valves, helps blood flow through the heart and out to the body. The mitral valve lies between the left atrium and the left ventricle. Your doctor will replace your poorly working mitral valve with an artificial valve. This will ensure that blood can flow into the left ventricle and then flow out to the

    • Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Resting

      A resting myocardial perfusion scan in a procedure in which nuclear radiology is used to assess blood flow to the heart muscle and determine what areas have decreases blood flow.

    • Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Stress

      A stress myocardial perfusion scan is used to assess the blood flow to the heart muscle when it is stressed by exercise or medication and to determine what areas have decreased blood flow.

    • Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

      Coronary artery bypass surgery, commonly known as CABG, is a type of heart surgery. Surgeons perform this type of surgery to bypass blockages in the coronary arteries. An “off-pump CABG” is a CABG performed without the use of a heart-lung machine (cardiopulmonary bypass). This means the heart continues to provide blood to the rest of the body during the surgery. It is sometimes referred to as “beating heart surgery.”

    • Pacemaker Insertion

      During a pacemaker insertio, a small electronic device is implanted in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate electrical problems with the heart.

    • Patent Foramen Ovale Transcatheter Repair

      A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a small hole between the two upper chambers of the heart, the right and the left atrium. Patent foramen transcatheter repair is a procedure to fix this hole in the heart.

    • Percutaneous Balloon Pericardiotomy

      Percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy (PBP) is a procedure done to drain excess fluid in the sac around the heart.

    • Percutaneous Transcatheter Treatment of Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT)

      Percutaneous transcatheter treatment is one type of therapy for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). DVT is a blood clot that forms in a large vein deep in the body. It happens most often in a leg. The procedure uses a long thin tube to help remove the blood the clot.

    • Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) and Stent Placement

      During percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), a special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into coronary arteries that are blocked as a result of coronary artery disease (CAD), restoring arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without open-heart surgery.

    • Pericardial Window

      A pericardial window is a procedure in which a small part of the sac around the heart is surgically removed to drain excess fluid.

    • Pericardiectomy

      A pericardiectomy is a procedure done on the sac around the heart. A surgeon cuts away this sac or a large part of this sac. This allows the heart to move freely.

    • Pericardiocentesis

      Pericardiocentesis is a procedure done to remove fluid that has built up in the sac around the heart. The procedure uses a needle and small catheter to drain excess fluid.

    • Pulmonary Artery Catheterization

      Pulmonary artery catheterization is when a long, thin tube called a catheter is inserted into a pulmonary artery. It can help diagnose and manage a wide variety of health problems.

    • Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting

      During this procedure, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into the vein. Its progress through the heart is then traced with a special camera.

    • Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting and Exercise

      During this procedure, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into the vein. Its progress through the heart is then traced with a special camera to evaluate heart function. Doing this during rest and exercise assists the physician in comparing the differences in heart activity.

    • Right Heart Catheterization

      A right heart catheterization is performed to determine how well the heart is pumping and to measure the pressures in the heart and lungs.

    • Right Heart Catheterization with Heart Tissue Biopsy

      Right heart catheterization with heart tissue biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are taken directly from the heart muscle. This procedure may be done in addition to a right heart cath to see if the heart tissue is normal.

    • Robotic Cardiac Surgery

      Robotic cardiac surgery is a form of heart surgery performed through tiny incisions in the chest. Thanks to the use of tiny instruments and robotic devices, surgeons are able to perform several types of heart surgery in a way that is much less invasive than other types of heart surgery.

    • Robotic-Assisted Aortic Valve Repair

      Robotic-assisted aortic valve repair is a type of surgery. It uses robotic tools to fix a damaged aortic valve.

    • Robotic-Assisted Patent Foramen Ovale Repair

      A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a small hole between the two upper chambers of the heart, the right and the left atrium. A robotic-assisted patent foramen repair is a type of surgery to fix this hole in the heart.

    • Septal Myectomy

      Septal myectomy is a type of open-heart surgery for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (thick heart muscle). It decreases symptoms of the condition.

    • Signal-Averaged Electrocardiogram

      During this procedure, the electrical activity of the heart is monitored over a period of several minutes in order to capture abnormal heartbeats which may occur only intermittently.

    • Surgery for Pulmonary Atresia with VSD

      Pulmonary atresia is a condition in which the heart lacks a pulmonary valve. This surgery improves blood flow through the heart and out to the lungs.

    • Surgery for Pulmonary Atresia Without VSD

      Pulmonary atresia is a condition in which the heart lacks a pulmonary valve. This surgery improves blood flow through the heart and out to the lungs.

    • Surgery for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return

      Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a condition in which the vessels from the lungs take an abnormal path back to the heart. TAPVR surgery is a type of open heart surgery that aims to fix this problem.

    • Surgical Thrombectomy

      Surgical thrombectomy is a type of surgery to remove a blood clot from inside an artery or vein.

    • Therapeutic Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest

      Therapeutic hypothermia is a type of treatment. It’s sometimes used for people who have a cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest happens when the heart suddenly stops beating. Once the heart starts beating again, healthcare providers use cooling devices to lower your body temperature for a short time. It’s lowered to around 89°F to 93°F (32°C to 34°C). The treatment usually lasts about 24 hours.

    • Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair

      Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a procedure to correct an aneurysm in the upper portion of your aorta. An aneurysm is a weakened, bulging area in the artery wall. If it ruptures, it can be life threatening. In TEVAR, a graft made of metal and polyester is positioned to reinforce the aneurysm. This will help prevent it from rupturing.

    • Tilt Table Procedure

      This is a diagnostic procedure often used to assess syncope (fainting) by creating changes in posture from lying to standing.

    • Transesophageal Echocardiogram

      A transesophageal echocardiogram uses sound wave (ultrasound) technology to examine heart function. By inserting a probe with a transducer down the esophagus rather than placing the transducer on the chest, physicians get a clearer image of the heart because the sound waves do not have to pass through skin, muscle, or bone tissue.

    • Transradial Cardiac Catheterization

      Transradial cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to treat and diagnose certain heart conditions. It is also known as transradial cardiac cath.

    • Ultrafast Computed Tomography (Ultrafast CT Scan)

      Ultrafast CT, or electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) can take multiple images of the heart within the time of a single heartbeat, and can detect very small amounts of calcium within the heart and the coronary arteries.

    • Valvuloplasty

      During a valvuloplasty, a catheter is threaded through a vein to the heart where a balloon is used to open a stiff valve. Once opened, the balloon and catheter are removed.

    • Vascular Studies

      Vascular studies use ultrasound (sound wave) technology to assess the flow of blood in arteries and veins in the arms, legs, and neck.

    • Venogram

      A combination of contrast dye and X-rays are used to visualize the veins in the legs in order to diagnose deep vein thrombosis and other conditions.

    • Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery

      Ventricular septal defect (VSD) surgery is a type of heart surgery. It fixes a hole between the left and right ventricles of the heart.

    • Ventricular Septal Defect Transcatheter Repair

      Ventricular septal defect (VSD) transcatheter repair is a type of heart procedure. It fixes a hole between the left and right ventricles of the heart, without making an incision in the chest wall.