Celebrating America’s Independence Day is synonymous with fireworks. But handling pyrotechnics yourself is dangerous and not recommended.

With most large-scale shows canceled this year due to COVID-19, some families or neighborhoods may hold their own celebrations, adding further to safety concerns. Wearing a face mask, practicing social distancing and frequently washing your hands are strongly recommended in any setting.

While most of the more dangerous fireworks are not legal in North Carolina, many of these devices are legal just over the border in South Carolina and easily accessible to North Carolina residents.

Fireworks were involved in an estimated 9,100 injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments in 2018, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Of those, 5,600 came during the month surrounding the July Fourth holiday.

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Dr. Sloan Manning

“Most of the time, we see minor burns or concussive injuries,” said Dr. Sloan Manning, a Novant Health family physician in Winston-Salem. Most burns caused by fireworks affect the fingers and hands, and he usually sees first- and second-degree burns. More-serious burns would be treated at the emergency room.

Normally, patients seen for burns are treated with burn creams and antibiotic ointments. Sometimes, the patients require a follow-up visit to make sure the wound is healing properly, Manning said.

Even sparklers can be dangerous. About two-thirds of the injuries to children under age 5 were caused by sparklers.

“Sparklers can heat to around 2,000 degrees and can easily create burns,” Manning said. “Firecrackers and smoke bombs can get very hot and may explode unexpectedly.”

Manning noted that small children are the most at risk from fireworks. “They are the least experienced and may be the most poorly supervised,” he said. “It’s a judgment call as to when your child may be experienced enough to handle fireworks, but it should never be without supervision.”

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission offers the following advice on enjoying fireworks safely:

  • Never allow children to handle fireworks.
  • Never re-light or pick up fireworks that have not ignited properly.
  • Keep a garden hose or bucket of water handy in case of fire.
  • Light fireworks one at a time.

Additional safety tips from the National Council on Fireworks Safety include:

  • Follow local laws on what fireworks are legal.
  • Wear safety glasses when shooting off fireworks.
  • Fireworks and alcohol don’t mix.
  • Do not experiment with homemade fireworks.
  • Don’t try to relight a “dud” firework, if it didn’t work initially.
  • Don’t carry fireworks in your pockets.
  • Don’t shoot fireworks into metal or glass containers.

Manning highly recommended wearing safety glasses when handling fireworks. He also said not to buy any unlabeled fireworks packaged in brown paper. “Those are professional-grade fireworks not meant for amateurs,” he said.

“If you’re going to handle fireworks, you want to have water nearby, you want to make sure you’re using properly prepared fireworks, and you want to make sure you’re not relighting fireworks that did not go off or explode,” Manning said. “You never want to point or launch fireworks at anyone. These are dangerous projectiles.”

In North Carolina, you must be 16 or older to buy fireworks. According to the state fire marshal’s office, these fireworks are allowed in North Carolina:

  • Flares and fountains.
  • Smoke and novelty items.
  • Sparklers.
  • Black snakes and strobes.

Not allowed in North Carolina are:

  • Reloadable aerial shells 1.75 inches or less sold in a box with not more than 12 shells and one launching tube.
  • Single-shot aerial tubes.
  • Bottle rockets.
  • Skyrockets and missiles.
  • Ground spinners, pinwheels, helicopters.
  • Roman candles.
  • Multishot aerial devices, “cakes.”

“Have adequate supervision and adequate safety measures in place,” Manning said. “Don’t take chances with fireworks. Everyone wants to have fun and enjoy the show, but we want to make sure it’s a safe show.”

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