Diabetes treatment options
Properly managing your diabetes can be challenging, but if you make the lifelong commitment, you can live an active, independent and vital life. Following are the most common ways that diabetes can be managed.
Education - Diabetes education is a necessary step in managing the disease. It is important for you to learn about your condition so you can make healthy lifestyle choices and manage your diabetes.
Know your target blood sugar numbers - If you have diabetes, we recommend you know these critical health numbers and target ranges for blood sugar measurement:
- Diabetes HbA1c should be less than 7 percent.
- Diabetes pre-meal glucose should fall between 70 to 130 mg/dl.
- Diabetes post-meal peak glucose should be less than 180 mg.
Meal planning - It is important for you to pay special attention to your diet if you have been diagnosed with diabetes. For your body to regulate blood sugar levels, it must have the right foods at the right times and in the right amounts.
Weight management - If you have type 2 diabetes, it is important to maintain a healthy weight.
Exercise - Regular exercise helps lower your blood sugar, promotes
weight loss, reduces stress and enhances overall fitness.
Reducing stress - If you reduce stress levels in day-to-day life, you will be able to manage your diabetes better.
Medication - Regular insulin injections are necessary with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may require medications and/or insulin to assist the body in making or using insulin more effectively.