- About Breast Cancer in Men
Breast cancer in men is rare—less than 1 percent of all breast carcinomas occur in men.
- About Cancer
Detailed information on cancer in children, including causes, diagnosis, treatment, and coping
- About Clinical Trials: Information from the National Cancer Institute
Clinical trials are studies, managed by government agencies, educational institutions, private not-for-profit organizations, or commercial businesses, to develop, produce, and evaluate the effectiveness of new treatments and therapies for diseases.
- About Tamoxifen
Tamoxifen has been used to treat both advanced and early stage breast cancer. More recently, tamoxifen is being used as an additional therapy following primary treatment for early stage breast cancer.
- About Taxol
Taxol, or paclitaxel, is a drug used for treating certain women who have advanced breast or ovarian cancer. Paclitaxel is a compound that is extracted from the bark of the Pacific yew tree.
Achalasia is a disease that makes it hard to eat and drink normally. It affects your esophagus, which is the swallowing tube that connects the back of your throat to your stomach.
- Actinic Keratosis (a precancerous condition)
Detailed information on actinic keratosis, including causes and treatment
- Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Detailed information on acute lymphocytic leukemia, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Detailed information on acute myelogenous leukemia, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Adrenal Tumors / Pheochromocytoma
Detailed information on adrenal gland tumors and pheochromocytoma, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Basal Cell Carcinoma
Detailed information on basal cell carcinoma, including risk factors and how the disease develops
- Benign Bone Tumors
Detailed information on the most common benign bone tumors, including chondroblastoma, enchondroma, giant cell tumor, and osteochondroma
- Benign Skin Growths and Pigmentation Disorders
Detailed information on benign skin growths and pigmentation disorders in children
- Biliary Cirrhosis / Bile Duct Cancer
Detailed information on biliary cirrhosis and bile duct cancer, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
- Bladder Cancer
Detailed information on bladder cancer, including symptoms, types, causes, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment
- Bone Cancers
Detailed information on bone cancers, including chondrosarcoma, ewings sarcoma, myeloma bone disease, multiple myeloma, and osteosarcoma
- Bone Cancers in Children
Detailed information on bone cancer in children, including Ewing sarcoma and osteogenic sarcoma
- Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (BCPT)
BCPT was a clinical trial that studied tamoxifen as a prevention therapy for those at high risk for breast cancer. Data showed the results of tamoxifen treatment to be "highly significant," with a 49 percent reduction in the number of invasive breast cancers seen across all age groups.
- Breast Cancer Statistics
Breast cancer ranks second among cancer deaths in women after lung cancer.
- Breast Health
Detailed information on breast health, including anatomy of the breast, normal breast development, breast cancer prevention, breast self-examination, mammography, breast conditions, mastalgia (breast pain), breast lump, fibrocystic breast changes, nipple
- Breast Health: Three-Step Plan for Preventive Care
To monitor your breast health, you should do a monthly breast self-exam, get a year clinical exam, and get mammograms as directed by your doctor.
- Cancer Overview
Cancer cells don't function properly, and they can spread to many areas of the body. Tumors are clusters of cells that are capable of growing and dividing uncontrollably; their growth is not regulated.
- Cancer Rehabilitation
Detailed information on cancer rehabilitation, including members of the rehabilitation team
- Cancer Treatment Team
Your cancer treatment may involve several types of health care professionals who, with you, form the "cancer care team."
- Cancer Treatment: Overview
Detailed information on the most common types of cancer treatment, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials
- Cardiac Sarcoma
Cardiac sarcoma is a rare type of cancerous tumor that occurs in the heart.
- Causes of Skin Cancer
Detailed information on causes and risk factors for skin cancer, including heredity and environment
- Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.
Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers
- Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer Treatment
Your oncologist will determine how long and how often you will have chemotherapy treatments. Chemotherapy can be administered intravenously or by pill, and is usually a combination of drugs.
- Chemotherapy For Prostate Cancer
Chemotherapy may be used when the cancer has spread outside of the prostate gland, or it may be used in combination with other therapies.
- Clinical Trials For Prostate Cancer
Several clinical trials to evaluate prostate cancer have been completed or are currently underway.
- Colorectal Cancer
Most people who have colorectal cancer are older than 50. This type of cancer is also associated with a diet high in fat and calories and low in fiber.
- Conditions of Concern to Men
Detailed information on the most common health concerns for men, including male breast cancer, gynecomastia, colorectal cancer, erectile dysfunction (impotence), hair loss, heart attack, high blood pressure (hypertension), insomnia, low back pain, inferti
- Coping with Prostate Cancer
Detailed information for family members coping with prostate cancer, including how to help the man in your life cope with a diagnosis of prostate cancer
- Coping with the Diagnosis of Cancer
Learn as much as possible about your disease. Arm yourself with information in order to lessen frustration. Don't hesitate to ask questions about your disease. Consider keeping a notebook with all of the medical records and information about your diagnosis.
Dermatomyositis is a rare disease marked by increasing muscle weakness, skin rash and inflammation, and swelling of the eyelids.
- Diagnostic and Evaluation Procedures
Your doctor may evaluate possible prostate problems with an annual physical and a digital rectal exam or a test for prostate-specific antigen.
- Diagnostic Procedures for Bone Disorders
Detailed information on diagnostic procedures for bone disorders, including bone densitometry, radionuclide bone scan, and biopsy
- Diagnostic Procedures for Breast Cancer
It is important to remember that a lump or other changes in the breast, or an abnormal area on a mammogram, may be caused by cancer or by other, less serious problems.
- Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview
Detailed information on the most common diagnostic procedures for cancer
- Disorders of the Biliary System
Detailed information on the most common disorders of the biliary system, including gallstones, cholangitis, cholecystitis, biliary cirrhosis, and biliary duct cancer
- Disorders of the Pancreas
Detailed information on pancreas disorders, including pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer
- Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders, including hearing disorders, balance disorders, smell disorders, taste disorders, chemosensory disorders, speech disorders, voice disorders, language disorders, vocal cord disorders, and laryngeal cancer.
- Ear, Nose, and Throat Facts
The ear consists of three areas—the outer, middle, and inner ear. The nose is the organ of smell and is part of the peripheral nervous system. The throat is a ring-like muscular tube that acts as the passageway for air, food, and liquid.
- Endometrial Cancer
Cancer of the endometrium is a disease in which cancerous cells are found in the lining of the uterus. It is highly curable when found early.
- Esophageal Cancer
Detailed information on esophageal cancer, including symptoms, stages, types, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment
- Expectant Therapy
Expectant therapy is to "watch and wait" while carefully observing and monitoring the prostate cancer.
- Facts About Skin Cancer
Statistics relating to skin cancer
- Fanconi Anemia
Fanconi anemia is a blood disorder in which the bone marrow doesn’t make enough blood cells or makes abnormal types of blood cells.
- For Family Members Coping With Prostate Cancer
What can you do to help the man in your life with prostate cancer? Keep the lines of communication open.
- General Information About Breast Cancer
Ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma, and Paget's disease are several types of breast cancer.
- General Information About Cancer: Overview
Detailed information on cancer, including cancer diagnosis, cancer staging, cancer grading, cancer treatment, cancer surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials
- Genetics of Breast Cancer
Detailed information on the genetics of breast cancer, including information on hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome, brca1, brca2, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Cowden syndrome, and ataxia telangiectasia
- Genetics of Ovarian Cancer
Detailed information on the genetics of ovarian cancer, including hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, ovarian cancer and hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, and basal cell nevus syndrome (Gorlin syndrome)
- Grading and Staging of Cancer
Grading and staging cancer helps determine the best treatment.
- Grading of Prostate Cancer
The cancer grading system is based on a number range. The lower the number, the lower the grade, and the slower the cancer is growing.
- Gynecological Cancers
Detailed information on the most common types of gynecological cancers, including symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment
- Health Promotion and Prevention
Detailed information on health promotion and disease prevention for women, including information on breast health, breast cancer prevention, breast self-examination, mammography, birth control, pap test, preconception care, heart disease prevention, safer
- Herbal Remedies For Prostate Cancer
Talk with your health care provider before using any type of dietary or herbal supplements in the treatment or prevention of prostate cancer.
- Hereditary Breast Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (BRCA1 / BRCA2)
A woman with this syndrome may develop breast cancer before age 50 and is at higher risk for developing cancer in both breasts or in both the breasts and ovaries.
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer
The goal of hormone therapy is to lower the level of male hormones in the body, particularly testosterone.
- How Genes Cause Cancer
Genes that have alterations, or mutations, can cause cells to become cancerous. Some mutations are inherited and others are "acquired," occurring by chance over time.
- Immunotherapy Overview
Scientists have found a way to use the body's immune system to help treat or defend against a number of health problems. This treatment is known as immunotherapy.
- Kidney Cancer
Detailed information on renal cell cancer, the most common type of kidney cancer, including symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment
- Kidney Disorders
Detailed information on kidney disorders
- Laryngeal Cancer (Cancer of the Larynx)
Detailed information on laryngeal cancer (cancer of the larynx), including symptoms, cause, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment
- Lichen Planus
Lichen planus is a common disease that causes inflammation (swelling and irritation) on your skin or inside your mouth. On your skin, lichen planus causes a rash that is usually itchy. Inside your mouth, it may cause burning or soreness.
A liposarcoma is a rare type of cancer that develops in your fatty tissue. This type of tumor can grow anywhere in your body. Common places include your abdomen, thigh, and behind your knee.
- Liver Tumors
Detailed information on liver tumors, including types, symptoms, staging, diagnosis, and treatment
- Lung Cancer
Detailed information on lung cancer, lung cancer symptom, lung cancer treatment, lung cancer sign, lung cancer medication, malignant lung tumor, lung cancer cause, benign lung tumor, lung cancer risk factor, lung cancer prevention
Detailed information on melanoma, including symptoms, diagnosis, risk factors, and treatment
- Merkel Cell Cancer
Detailed information on merkel cell cancer, including diagnosis and treatment
- National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP)
Detailed information on breast cancer clinical trials, including the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project
- Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Detailed information on non-Hodgkins lymphoma, including symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment
- Online Resources - Bone Disorders
List of online resources to find additional information on bone disorders, including bone cancer
- Online Resources - Breast Health
List of online resources to find additional information on breast health, including breast cancer
- Online Resources - Hematology and Blood Disorders
List of online resources to find additional information on blood disorders
- Online Resources - Prostate Health
List of online resources to find additional information on prostate health
- Online Resources - Skin Cancer
List of online resources to find additional information on skin cancer
- Oral Cancer
Ninety percent of oral cancer cases are caused by tobacco use. Oral cancer can affect the lips, teeth, gums, and lining of the mouth.
- Oral Cancer and Tobacco
All tobacco products, from cigarettes to snuff, contain toxins, carcinogens, and nicotine, an addictive substance.
- Other Causes and Risk Factors For Skin Cancer
Detailed information on causes and risk factors for skin cancer, including heredity and environment
- Other Treatments for Breast Cancer
Other treatments for breast cancer include hormone therapy, used to prevent the growth, spread, and recurrence of the cancer, adjuvant therapy, and biological therapy.
- Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer can develop in one of three types—the first, on the surface of the ovary; the second, in the cells that form the eggs; the third, in the cells that produce female hormones.
- Ovarian Cancer as Part of Lynch Syndrome
A woman with this type of hereditary colon cancer is at increased risk for ovarian cancer.
- Overview of Cancer
Detailed information on cancer, including primary and metastatic cancers, and benign and malignant tumors
- Overview of Obesity
Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can inflict substantial harm to a person’s health. Learn about obesity causes and obesity health effects.
- Pancreatic Cancer
Detailed information on pancreatic cancer, including types of benign tumors in the pancreas, malignant pancreatic cancers, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment
- Preventing Skin Cancer
Detailed information on skin cancer prevention
- Prostate Cancer
In the past 30 years, the five-year survival rate for all stages of prostate cancer combined has increased from 73 percent to nearly 100 percent.
- Prostate Cancer in African-American Men
African-American men may have the highest rate of prostate cancer incidence in the world, according to the National Cancer Institute.
- Prostate Cancer Statistics
All men are at risk for prostate cancer. Family history raises the risk, as does advancing age.
- Psychosocial Factors
When a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, it's normal for him to feel scared, angry, or depressed.
- Radiation Therapy
Radiation is often used to treat prostate cancer that is still confined to the prostate gland, or has spread only to nearby tissue.
- Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer Treatment
Radiation therapy is a process that precisely sends high levels of radiation directly to the cancer cells. Radiation done after surgery can kill cancer cells that may not be seen during surgery.
- Risk Factors for Breast Cancer
Factors that appear to raise a woman's risk for breast cancer include advancing age, family history, benign breast conditions, and a late menopause.
- Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
Detailed information on the risk factors for prostate cancer
- Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Early breast cancer usually does not cause pain and may cause no symptoms at all.
- Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Early prostate cancer usually has no specific signs or symptoms—that's why prostate cancer screening is so important.
- Skin Cancer
Detailed information on skin cancer, including causes, risk factors, prevention, types, and how to perform a skin self-examination
- Skin Cancer in Children
Detailed information on skin cancer, including causes, types, risk factors, and prevention
- Skin Growths and Pigmentation Disorders
Detailed information on skin growth and skin pigment disorders
- Skin Self-Examination
Detailed information on skin self-examination, including the importance of skin self-examination in skin cancer prevention and a step-by-step guide
- Smoking and Respiratory Diseases
Smoking is directly responsible for the majority of lung cancer cases (87 percent), emphysema cases, and chronic bronchitis cases.
- Specialized Areas of Rehabilitation
Detailed information on the most common types of rehabilitation, including cardiac rehabilitation, pulmonary rehabilitation, cancer rehabilitation, musculoskeletal rehabilitation, and neurological rehabilitation
- Specific Oral Health and Dental Problems
Detailed information on the most common oral health and dental problems
- Stages of Breast Cancer
When breast cancer is diagnosed, your doctor will order tests to find out if the cancer has spread from the breast to other parts of the body. This is called staging and is an important step toward planning a treatment program.
- Staging of Prostate Cancer
When prostate cancer is diagnosed, tests are performed to determine how much cancer is present, and if the cancer has spread from the prostate to other parts of the body.
- Stomach Cancer
Detailed information on stomach cancer, including symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment
- Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR)
STAR was a clinical trial of the drug raloxifene that included more than 19,000 postmenopausal women at increased risk for breast cancer. The results showed that raloxifene worked as well as tamoxifen at reducing breast cancer risk.
Detailed information on the effects of ultraviolet light and the increased risk of skin cancer, including the use of sunscreen as one skin cancer prevention method
Detailed information the most common types of surgery to treat cancer, including biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, and excisional surgery
- Surgery for Breast Cancer Treatment
Surgery to remove as much of the cancer as possible is the primary treatment for breast cancer. Today, women have many surgical options and choices.
- Surgery for Prostate Cancer
Long-term, serious side effects of prostate surgery are somewhat less common now than in the past, as new surgical methods continue to be introduced.
- Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer is one of the most curable forms of cancer, but the symptoms may resemble other conditions or medical problems.
- Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview
The conventional, primary methods of treating cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy/biological therapy. Your doctor will determine which treatment or treatments are best for you.
- Treatments for Breast Cancer
Detailed information on breast cancer treatment, including surgery, breast reconstruction, lymphedema, breast prosthesis, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, Tamoxifen, and Taxol
- Treatments for Prostate Cancer
Detailed information on the most common treatment for prostate cancer
- Types of Skin Cancer
Detailed information on the most common types of skin cancer
- Urogenital Disorders
Detailed information on the most common urogenital disorders, including bladder cancer, cystocele (fallen bladder), hematuria, blood in the urine, impotence, erectile dysfunction, interstitial cystitis, male factor infertility, prostate disease, benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH, prostate cancer, urinary incontinence, urinary tract infection, vesicoureteral reflux
- Uterine Cancer
Cancer of the uterus usually occurs around the time menopause begins. The occasional reappearance of bleeding should not be considered simply part of menopause, but should be checked by a doctor.
- Vaginal Cancer
Cancer of the vagina is rare. Certain factors thought to raise the risk for this type of cancer include advancing age, history of cervical cancer, and infection with the human papillomavirus.
- Vulvar Cancer
Nearly 90 percent of vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Melanoma is the second most common type of vulvar cancer.