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Diseases & Conditions : Oncology

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    • About Cancer

      Detailed information on cancer in children, including causes, diagnosis, treatment, and coping

    • About Clinical Trials: Information from the National Cancer Institute

      Clinical trials are studies, managed by government agencies, educational institutions, private not-for-profit organizations, or commercial businesses, to develop, produce, and evaluate the effectiveness of new treatments and therapies for diseases.

    • Alternative Therapy for Cancer

      Alternative therapy is a nonconventional approach to healing. it may be used instead of standard treatment or in combination with standard medicine.

    • Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children

      The goal of a bone marrow transplant is to transfuse healthy bone marrow cells into a child after his or her own unhealthy bone marrow has been eliminated.

    • Brain Tumors in Children

      Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in children. Brain tumors that occur in infants and children are very different from adult brain tumors, both in terms of the type of cells and the responsiveness to treatment.

    • Cancer Overview

      Cancer cells don't function properly, and they can spread to many areas of the body. Tumors are clusters of cells that are capable of growing and dividing uncontrollably; their growth is not regulated.

    • Causes of Cancer

      There is no one single cause for cancer. Scientists believe that it is the interaction of many factors--genetic, environmental, or constitutional characteristics of the individual.

    • Chemotherapy for Children

      Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments for cancer. In most cases, it works by interfering with cancer cells' ability to grow or reproduce.

    • Chemotherapy for Children: Side Effects

      Detailed information on chemotherapy and managing chemotherapy side effects in children

    • Coping With the Diagnosis

      A cancer diagnosis is shocking and overwhelming. But prognosis of childhood cancer continues to improve, and the chance of being cured continues to increase.

    • Diagnosing Cancer

      Many tests are necessary to determine whether a child has cancer, or if another condition is mimicking the symptoms of cancer.

    • Ewing Sarcoma

      Detailed information on Ewing sarcoma, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Germ Cell Tumors

      Detailed information on germ cell tumors, including causes, types, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Glossary - Oncology

      Glossary of terms relating to cancer in children

    • Hepatoblastoma

      Detailed information on hepatoblastoma, including causes, stages, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Hodgkin Lymphoma

      Detailed information on Hodgkin's lymphoma, including causes, stages, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Home Page - Oncology

      Detailed information on cancer in children

    • Increasing Calories and Protein

      Children with cancer need protein to help the body repair itself. Adequate calories are needed to heal and to prevent weight loss.

    • Leukemia

      Detailed information on leukemia in childhood, including symptoms, staging, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Managing Alopecia in Children

      Hair loss is a common side effect of most forms of chemotherapy. Younger children may not be bothered by hair loss, but the school-aged child or teenager may be devastated.

    • Managing Bone Marrow Suppression in Children

      Nearly all chemotherapy drugs affect the number of blood cells in the body. When the number drops, the risk for anemia, fatigue, infection, and bleeding increases.

    • Managing Mucositis in Children

      Mucositis can be a very troublesome and painful side effect of chemotherapy. Common symptoms include diarrhea and abdominal cramping or tenderness.

    • Neuroblastoma

      Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor that begins in nerve tissue of infants and very young children. The abnormal cells are often found in the nerve tissue that is present in the unborn baby and later develops into a detectable tumor.

    • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children

      Detailed information on non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, including causes, staging, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Nutritional Requirements for a Child With Cancer

      Good nutrition is vital for children being treated for cancer, yet these young patients often have poor appetites.

    • Online Resources - Oncology

      List of online resources to find additional information on cancer in children

    • Osteosarcoma

      Detailed information on osteosarcoma, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Pain Management and Children

      When a child has cancer, one of his or her greatest fears is pain. Every effort should be made to ease the pain during the treatment process.

    • Questions to Ask Your Child's Doctor

      Parents are entitled to a clear explanation about anything related to their child's condition. Here are some important questions you may consider asking your child's doctor.

    • Retinoblastoma

      Detailed information on retinoblastoma, including causes, stages, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Rhabdomyosarcoma

      Detailed information on rhabdomyosarcoma, including causes, stages, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    • Topic Index - Oncology

      Detailed information on cancer in children

    • Treatment for Cancer

      The specific treatment for your child's cancer will be determined by your child's doctor, based on a variety of factors, including the type of cancer and the extent of the disease.

    • Wilms Tumor

      Detailed information on Wilms tumor, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment