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Diseases & Conditions : Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

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    • Abrasions

      An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a "brush burn." Abrasions are usually minor injuries that can be treated at home.

    • Accident Statistics

      Injury is the leading cause of death in children and young adults. Falls are the leading cause of unintentional injury for children.

    • Anatomy of the Eye

      The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

    • Animal Bites

      Detailed information on animal bites and rabies, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

    • Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children

      Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

    • Bites and Stings

      Detailed information on insect bites, including bee stings, flea bites, mite bites, chigger bites, spider bites, tick bites, and lyme disease

    • Blisters in Children

      Detailed information on blisters, including cause, first-aid, and treatment

    • Bruises

      A bruise is a collection of blood underneath the skin that is caused by trauma to an area of the body. Sometimes, enough bleeding occurs so that a lump also forms.

    • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Children

      Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless, tasteless, odorless gas. It is the most common cause of accidental poisoning-related deaths and is often called "the silent killer."

    • Cat Scratch Disease in Children

      Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. Young kittens younger than a year old are more likely to scratch, increasing the likelihood of infection.

    • Chemical Burns of the Eye

      A chemical burn occurs when a child gets any type of chemical in his or her eye. This is a medical emergency, and the child should receive immediate medical care.

    • Childproof Your Home for Poisons

      Always remember that ordinary products you use each day around the home can become dangerous poisons in the hands of a child.

    • Children and Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers

      Fleas, mites, and chiggers often bite humans, but aren't poisonous. It's sometimes difficult to assess which type of insect caused the bite, or if the rash is caused by poison ivy or other skin conditions.

    • Corneal Abrasions

      A corneal abrasion is a scratch or injury to the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. This is a very common occurrence in children.

    • Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers

      Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe adverse reactions.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the External Ear

      Any wound to the ear cartilage that is more than just a superficial cut or laceration should be seen by a doctor to decide if stitches are needed.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the Face

      Most minor cuts or wounds to the face can be handled at home with simple first-aid treatment.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the Mouth and Lips

      The gums, tongue, and lips have a rich blood supply and when cuts occur, these areas may bleed excessively.

    • Cuts and Wounds of the Nose

      Most minor nose wounds can be handled at home, but a wound or bruise that also involves one or both eyes requires immediate medical attention.

    • Emergency Contact Information

      In an emergency, it is easy to "forget" even the most well-known information. That's why it is crucial to complete the information in this form for each member of your household.

    • Eye Trauma

      Detailed information on eye trauma in children

    • Eyelid Lacerations

      Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid caused by trauma. Your child's doctor will examine the eye closely to make sure no damage has occurred to the eye itself.

    • Facts About Animal Bites

      Whether the bite is from a family pet or an animal in the wild, scratches and bites can become infected and cause scarring. Animals can also carry diseases that can be transmitted through a bite.

    • Facts About Burn Injury

      Hot tap water burns cause more deaths and hospitalizations than burns from any other hot liquids.

    • Facts About Poisons

      About 60 percent of poisonings in children involve items other than medicines—plants, cleaning products, cosmetics, pesticides, paints, and solvents.

    • First Aid for Poisonings

      Sometimes accidental poisonings can be treated in the home under the direction of a poison control center or your child's doctor. At other times, emergency medical care is necessary.

    • First-Aid Kit

      Detailed list of recommended items for a household first-aid kit

    • Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway

      Children usually place things in their ears because they are bored, curious, or copying other children. Some objects may cause no symptoms, but other objects, such as food and insects, may cause pain in the ear, redness, or drainage.

    • Foreign Bodies in the Eye

      The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva—the thin membrane that covers the actual eye—or in the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.

    • Fractures of the Orbit

      The orbit is the bony structure around the eye. A blow to the face can break one or more of these bones and can result in severe eye injury and damage.

    • Frostbite in Children

      Detailed information on frostbite, including symptoms and what to do if frostbite occurs

    • Glossary - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      Glossary of terms relating to common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Home Page - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      Detailed information on the common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Household Safety Checklist

      Use this list as part of a thorough safety check of your home. It can help prevent accidents and injuries.

    • Human Bites

      Detailed information on human bites, including treatment for human bites

    • Injuries to the Teeth

      The injury may be to a primary tooth or a permanent tooth. A tooth can be cracked, chipped, or totally detached from its socket.

    • Insect Bites and Children

      Detailed information on insect bites, including fleas, mites, chiggers, and ticks

    • Insect Stings

      Yellow jackets cause most of the allergic reactions to stings. Fire ants, found in southern states, can sting multiple times—and the sites are more likely to become infected.

    • Insects in the Ear

      Don't attempt to remove the insect by poking it with a cotton swab. This may push the insect farther into the ear or cause damage to the middle ear and eardrum.

    • Lacerations With Stitches

      Stitches, also called sutures, are special types of thread that hold the edges of a wound together while it heals.

    • Lacerations Without Stitches

      A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. Some lacerations are small and need only minor treatment at home.

    • Lead Poisoning in Children

      Lead poisoning is a totally preventable disease. Children ages 1 to 3 who live in low-income housing built before 1978 are especially at risk.

    • Lyme Disease in Children

      Lyme disease is the leading cause of all insect-borne illness in the United States. It is a year-round problem, although April through October is considered tick season.

    • Minor Cuts, Scrapes, and Skin Wounds

      Detailed information on minor cuts, scrapes, and skin wounds in children

    • Minor Injuries Overview
    • Minor Problem vs. a True Emergency

      In general, take your child to an emergency room after an injury anytime you think the problem may need urgent attention.

    • Muscle and Joint Injuries

      Detailed information on muscle and joint injuries, including prevention

    • Mushroom Poisoning in Children

      Early symptoms of mushroom poisoning include stomach cramps, vomiting, and watery or bloody diarrhea. If your child has any of these symptoms, call your child's doctor immediately.

    • Nosebleeds

      Nosebleeds are fairly common in children, especially in dry climates or during the winter months, when dry heat inside homes and buildings can cause drying, cracking, or crusting inside the nose.

    • Nursemaid's Elbow

      Nursemaid's elbow occurs when the radius—one of the bones in the forearm—slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint.

    • Online Resources - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      List of online resources to find additional information on common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Poisons and Children

      Detailed information on poisoning, preventing poisoning and how to respond in an emergency

    • Preventing Injuries--How You Can Help Your Child

      You can help your child by being prepared and preventing injuries from occurring. It is important to take charge of your child's health and follow a program designed to help you and your family stay healthy and safe.

    • Puncture Wounds

      A puncture wound is a deep wound made by a sharp object. This type of wound may become infected easily because dirt and germs are carried deep into the tissues.

    • Rabies in Children

      Rabies occurs mainly in skunks, raccoons, foxes, coyotes, and bats. In some areas, these wild animals infect domestic cats, dogs, and livestock.

    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Children

      This infection is caused by a tick bite. Common symptoms are fever and a non-itchy rash that usually starts on the hands, arms, feet, and legs seven to 10 days after the bite.

    • Small Cuts and Scrapes

      Wash the cut area well with soap and water, but do not scrub the wound. A dirty cut or scrape that is not thoroughly cleaned can cause scarring.

    • Snake Bites and Children

      Treat all bites as if they were from a venomous snake and get your child to a hospital emergency room as quickly as possible.

    • Spider Bites in Children

      In the United States, two spiders that can cause serious problems are the black widow and the brown recluse spiders. Both of these spiders are found in warm climates.

    • Splinters

      A splinter is a sharp sliver of wood, glass, or other debris that is lodged underneath the skin. Removal of small, superficial splinters can usually be done at home.

    • Sprains and Strains in Children

      Strains, sprains, and bruises make up the majority of sports injuries. Treatment for a strain or sprain depends on the child's age and the extent of the injury.

    • Sunburn and Children

      Protect your child from the sun. Up to 80 percent of total lifetime sun exposure occurs in the first 18 years of life.

    • Superficial Injuries Overview
    • Superficial Injuries to the Face and Head

      Children are more likely to end up with a cut or scrape on the head or face. One reason is that children's sense of balance isn't completely adjusted.

    • Syrup of Ipecac

      Syrup of ipecac is a substance that causes vomiting. It is no longer recommended as a first aid for poisoning because it may not be effective and can even interfere with other remedies.

    • Tennis Elbow

      Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury of the elbow that occurs when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged.

    • Thermal Injuries

      Detailed information on thermal injuries in children

    • Tick Bite Diseases

      Ticks feed on human blood. Most tick bites are harmless, but some species can cause serious diseases.

    • Tick Bites

      Ticks attach themselves to the scalp, behind the ear, in the armpit and groin, and also between fingers and toes. Tick bites often occur at night and are more common in the spring and summer months.

    • Topic Index - Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

      Detailed information on the common poisonings and injuries of children

    • Treatment for Dog and Cat Bites and Scratches

      For a superficial bite from a healthy household pet, wash the wound with soap and water under pressure from a faucet for at least five minutes.

    • Why Children Bite

      A young child may bite out of frustration or when under stress. Biting may also be an attempt to gain power—or just a way of exploring the world.