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Diseases & Conditions : Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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    • Acquired Brain Injury

      Acquired brain injury occurs when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain. It is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults.

    • Amputation

      Detailed information on amputation, including causes and types of rehabilitation programs for amputations

    • Audiologist

      Audiologists measure and evaluate a person's ability to hear sounds, and specialize in the treatment of people with hearing disorders.

    • Back and Neck Pain

      Pain in the back or neck area can be acute, which comes on suddenly and intensely, or chronic, which can last for weeks, months, or even years. The pain can be continuous or intermittent.

    • Burns

      Detailed information on burns, burn types, classification of burns, burn treatment, and burn rehabilitation

    • Cancer Rehabilitation

      Detailed information on cancer rehabilitation, including members of the rehabilitation team

    • Chaplain

      Chaplains act as spiritual counselors to help patients and families through periods of crisis.

    • Choosing a Rehabilitation Unit/CARF

      Rehabilitation services are provided in many different places, including hospitals, long-term care facilities, and community health centers.

    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

      Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two most common conditions of COPD.

    • Chronic Pain

      Chronic pain is longstanding pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a chronic health condition, such as arthritis.

    • Clinical Social Worker

      A clinical social worker is a professional counselor who helps alleviate problems related to personal, family, or social situations.

    • Community Re-Entry

      One of the main goals of rehabilitation is to prepare the patient for life after discharge.

    • Complications of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment

      Side effects of HBOT are generally mild as long as the therapy lasts no longer than two hours and the pressure inside the chamber is less than three times that of the normal pressure in the atmosphere.

    • Conditions Commonly Treated By Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

      Detailed information on the conditions most commonly treated by physical medicine and rehabilitation, including acquired brain injury, arthritis, burns, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic pain, back pain, neck pain, multiple sclerosis, spinal

    • Effects of Rehabilitation on the Family

      One of the most important factors in a patient's recovery is family involvement and support in his or her rehab.

    • Glossary - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

      Glossary of terms relating to physical medicine and rehabilitation

    • Home Page - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

      Detailed information on physical medicine and rehabilitation

    • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

      Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or HBOT, is a type of treatment used to speed up healing of carbon monoxide poisoning, gangrene, stubborn wounds, and infections in which tissues are starved for oxygen.

    • Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy

      Pregnancy does not appear to speed up the course or worsen the effects of MS. Some studies have found that MS symptoms decrease in pregnancy and increase after delivery.

    • Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

      The goal of musculoskeletal rehab is to help you return to the highest level of function and independence possible.

    • Neurological Rehabilitation

      Neurological rehabilitation is a physician-supervised program designed for people with diseases, trauma, or disorders of the nervous system. Neurological rehabilitation can often improve function, reduce symptoms, and improve the well-being of the patient.

    • Occupational Therapist

      An occupational therapist helps patients learn how to carry out activities of daily living at home, on the job, and in the community.

    • Online Resources - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

      List of online resources to find additional information on physical medicine and rehabilitation

    • Orthotist and Prosthetist

      An orthotist makes and fits braces and splints for patients who need added support for body parts that have been weakened by injury or disease. A prosthetist makes and fits artificial limbs for patients with disabilities.

    • Osteoporosis

      Osteoporosis causes a loss of bone mass and destruction of bone tissue. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.

    • Outpatient Rehabilitation

      If you’re recovering from an illness, surgery, or injury and need outpatient rehabilitation, this means you’ll receive one or more types of therapy after you’ve been discharged from a hospital or clinic.

    • Outpatient Rehabilitation

      If you’re recovering from an illness, surgery, or injury and need outpatient rehabilitation, this means you’ll receive one or more types of therapy after you’ve been discharged from a hospital or clinic.

    • Outpatient Rehabilitation

      If you’re recovering from an illness, surgery, or injury and need outpatient rehabilitation, this means you’ll receive one or more types of therapy after you’ve been discharged from a hospital or clinic.

    • Outpatient Rehabilitation

      If you’re recovering from an illness, surgery, or injury and need outpatient rehabilitation, this means you’ll receive one or more types of therapy after you’ve been discharged from a hospital or clinic.

    • Outpatient Rehabilitation

      If you’re recovering from an illness, surgery, or injury and need outpatient rehabilitation, this means you’ll receive one or more types of therapy after you’ve been discharged from a hospital or clinic.

    • Overview of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R)

      PM and R is a medical specialty that works to restore function for a person who has been disabled as a result of a disease, disorder, or injury.

    • Overview of the PM&R Treatment Team

      The team is usually directed by a physiatrist, with other specialists playing important roles in the treatment and education process.

    • Patient and Family

      You as the patient and your family are the most important members of the rehabilitation team.

    • Physiatrist

      The physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation is called a physiatrist.

    • Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital

      If you are in the hospital recovering from surgery, healing from an injury, or being treated for a disabling medical condition, physical rehabilitation may be an important part of your treatment.

    • Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital

      If you are in the hospital recovering from surgery, healing from an injury, or being treated for a disabling medical condition, physical rehabilitation may be an important part of your treatment.

    • Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital

      If you are in the hospital recovering from surgery, healing from an injury, or being treated for a disabling medical condition, physical rehabilitation may be an important part of your treatment.

    • Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital

      If you are in the hospital recovering from surgery, healing from an injury, or being treated for a disabling medical condition, physical rehabilitation may be an important part of your treatment.

    • Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital

      If you are in the hospital recovering from surgery, healing from an injury, or being treated for a disabling medical condition, physical rehabilitation may be an important part of your treatment.

    • Physical Therapist

      Physical therapists focus on restoring a patient's mobility (movement) and function, and preventing of further disability.

    • PM and R Treatment Team

      Detailed information on the physical medicine and rehabilitation treatment team

    • Psychologist, Neuropsychologist, and Psychiatrist

      These specialists work with the rehabilitation team to offer counseling and support for the patient and family.

    • Pulmonary Rehabilitation

      A pulmonary rehabilitation program is tailored to meet the needs of the individual patient and the specific lung problem or disease.

    • Recreation Therapist

      Recreation therapists design programs to help patients develop social skills and learn to participate in leisure group activities.

    • Registered Dietitian

      Registered dietitians work with health care providers to calculate calorie and nutrient needs, design special diets, and offer other nutritional advice to patients.

    • Rehabilitation Case Manager

      Case managers usually don't provide direct patient care, but may work either as part of the rehab team or for the patient's insurance company.

    • Rehabilitation Nurse

      A rehabilitation nurse specializes in helping people with disabilities and chronic illness to reach their best function and health, and to adapt to an altered lifestyle.

    • Repetitive Motion Injury

      Repetitive motion injuries, also called repetitive stress injuries, are temporary or permanent injuries to muscles, nerves, ligaments, and tendons caused by performing the same motion over and over again.

    • Respiratory Therapist

      Respiratory therapists help treat and restore function for patients with airway and breathing problems.

    • Specialized Areas of Rehabilitation

      Detailed information on the most common types of rehabilitation, including cardiac rehabilitation, pulmonary rehabilitation, cancer rehabilitation, musculoskeletal rehabilitation, and neurological rehabilitation

    • Speech/Language Pathologist

      A speech/language pathologist helps treat people with communication problems that result from disability, surgery, or developmental disorders. This specialist also treats people with swallowing disorders caused by stroke or brain injury.

    • Spinal Cord Injury

      A traumatic injury to the spine can cause a bruise, a partial tear, or a complete tear in the spinal cord. The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas.

    • Sports-Related Injuries

      What is a contusion? A sprain? A strain? Find out more about these common sports injuries.

    • Statistics of Disability

      Approximately 54 million people in the US have some type of disability, with physical, sensory, mental, and self-care effects ranging from mild to severe.

    • Stroke

      Stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. A blood clot can block one of the vital blood vessels in the brain or a blood vessel in the brain can burst, spilling blood into surrounding tissues.

    • Topic Index - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

      Detailed information on physical medicine and rehabilitation

    • Vocational Counselor

      Vocational rehabilitation counselors assist people with disabilities in planning careers and finding and keeping satisfying jobs.